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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
sovereignty
The ability of a state to carry out actions or policies within a territory independently from external actors or internal rivals.
regime
The fundamental rules and norms of politics, embodying long-term goals regarding individual freedom and collective equality, where power should reside, and the use of that power.
government
The leadership or elite in charge of running the state.
country
Term used to refer to state, government, regime, and the people who live within that political system.
legitimacy
A value whereby an institution is accepted by the public as right and proper, thus giving it authority and power.
traditional legitimacy
Legitimacy that accepts aspects of politics because they have been institutionalized over a long period of time.
charismatic legitimacy
Legitimacy built on the force of ideas embodied by an individual leader.
rational-legal legitimacy
Legitimacy based on a system of laws and procedures that are highly institutionalized.
federalism
A system in which significant state powers, such as taxation, lawmaking, and security, are devolved to regional or local bodies.
unitary states
A state in which most political power exists at the national level, with limited local authority.
devolution
A process in which political power is "sent down" to lower levels of state and government.
strong state
A state that is able to fulfill basic tasks, such as defending territory, making and enforcing rules, collecting taxes, and managing the economy.
weak state
A state that has difficulty fulfilling basic tasks, such as defending territory, making and enforcing rules, collecting taxes, and managing the economy.
failed state
A state so weak that its political structures collapse, leading to anarchy and violence.
capacity
The ability of the state to wield power to carry out basic tasks, such as defending territory, making and enforcing rules, collecting taxes, and managing the economy.
autonomy
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of the public.