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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
explication
the act of interpreting or discovering the meaning of a text.
exposition
background information provided by a writer to enhance a reader's understanding of the context of a fictional or nonfictional story.
generalization
whn a writer bases a claim upon an isolated example or asserts that a claim is certain rather than probable.
logic
an implied comparison resulting when one thing is directly called another
negative-positive
sentence that begins by stating what is not true, then ending by stating what is true
objectivity
a writer's attempt to remove himself or herself from any subjective, personal involvement in the story.
onomatopoeia
the use of a word whose pronunciation suggests its meaning
oversimplification
when a writer obscures or denies the complexity of the issues in an argument
parallelism
sentence construction that places in close proximity two or more equal grammatical constructions.
parody
an exaggerated imitation of a serious work for humorous purposes
pathos
qualities of a fictional or nonfictional work that evoke sorrow or pity.
persona
a writer often adopts a fictional voice to tell a story.
red herring
when a writer raises an irrelevant issue to draw attention away from the real issue
refutation
when a writer musters relevent opposing arguments
rhetoric
the art of effective communication, especially persuasive discorse.
satire
a workt aht reveals a critical attitude toward some element of human behavior by portrayin it in an extreme way.
straw man
when a writer argues against a clim that nobody actually holds or is universally considered weak.
style
the choices in diction, tone, and syntax that a writer makes
syntactic permutation
sentence structures taht are extraordinarily complex and involved
syntactic fluency
ability to create a variety of sentence structures, appropriately complex and/or simple and varied in length.
theme
the central idea of a work of fiction or nonfiction, revealed and developed in the course of a story or explored through argument.
tricolon
sentence consisting of three parts of equal importance and length, usually three independent clauses
unity
a work of fiction or nonfiction is said to be unified if all the part are related to one central idea or organizing principle.
verbal irony
when the reader is aware of a discrepancy between the real meaning of a situation and the literal meaning of the writer's words.
paradox
a seemingly contradictory statement that is actually true.