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29 Cards in this Set

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Anatomy
studies the structure of body parts and their relationship to one another
Physiology
concerns the FUNCTION of the body, how the body parts works & carry out their life sustaining activities
Gross or macroscopic anatomy
is the study of large body structures visible to the naked eye such as heart, lungs & kidneys
regional anatomy
all the structures(muscles, bones, blood vessels, nerves, etc.) in a particular region of the body, such as the abdomen or legs are examined at the same time
systemic anatomy
body structures is studied system by system
surface anatomy
the study of internal structures as they relate to the overlying skin surface
microscopic anatomy
deals with structures too small to be seen with the naked eye
cytology
subdivision of micro anatomy considers cells of body
histology
the study of tissues
developmental anatomy
traces structural changes that occurs in the body throughout the life span
embryology
subdivision of develop. anatomy, concerns developmental changes that occur before birth
renal physiology
concerns kidney functions & urine production
neurophysiology
explains the working of the nervous system
cardiovascular physiology
examines the operation of the heart and blood vessels
principle of complementary of structures & functions
what a structure can do depends on its specific form
chemical level
the simplest level of the structural hierarchy (ex. atoms, molecules)
cellular level
cells are made up of molecules, cells very widely in size & shape, reflecting their unique function in the body
tissue level
tissues consist of similar types of cells. tissues are group of similar cells that have a common function
organ level
organs are made up of different types of tissues, extremely complex functions become possible
organ system level
organ systems consist of different organs that work together to accomplish a common purpose make up an organ system
organismal level
the human organism is made up of many organ systems, represents the sum total of all structural levels working together to keep us alive
maintaining boundaries
maintaining boundaries so that the inside remains distinct from the outside
movement
propelling ourselves from one place to another using our muscles,
responsiveness or irritability
when you respond to a stimulus or pain, like cutting a finger and retracting it
digestion
breaks down food to simple molecule
metabolism
chemical reactions that do things like break down substances into simpler building blocks, synthesizing more complex cellular structures from simpler ones, to using nutrients and oxygen to produce ATP
excretion
removing waist from the body
reproduction
from cell reproduction to human reproduction necessary in life to replace old dying cells with new ones
growth
growth of body parts and cells to compensate for changes in the body