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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The correct sequence of levels forming the structural hierarchy is
chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organismal
The structural and functional unit of life is
a cell
Which of the following is a major functional characteristic of all organisms
growth, metabolism, responsiveness
Two of these organ systems bear the major responsibility for ensuring homeostasis of the internal enviroment
nervous system
endocrine system
assume that the body has been sectioned along three planes(1) a median sagittal plane (2)a frontal plane (3)a transverse plane made at the level of each of the organs listed which organs would not be visible in all three cases
The lungs and the kidneys
Which ventral cavity subdivision has no bony protection
abdominal cavity
terms that apply to the backside of the body in the anatomical position include
posterior; dorsal
construct a table that lists the 11 systems of the body, name two organs of each system and describe the -
major function of each system
list and describe briefly five external factors that must be present or provided to sustain life
Define homeostasis
compare and contrast the operation of negative and positive feedback mechanisms in maintaining homeotasis
Provide two examples of variables controlled by negative feedback mech and 1 of positive feedback mechanis
Describe and assume the anatomiacl position.Why is an understanding of this position important
What is the importance of directional terms?
Define plane and section and provide the anatomical term that correctley names each of the following body regions
arm , thigh , chest , fingers and toes , anterior aspect of the knee
Use as many directional terms as you can to describe the relationship between the elbows olecranal region and
palm
Make a diagram showing the nine abdominopelvic regions and name each region,name two organs that could be located in each of the named
regions divide it into quadrants and name each quadrant
which of the following forms of energy are in use during vision
electrical
all of the folowing are examples of the 4 major elements contributing to body mass except
sodium
The mass # of an atom is
the sum of its protons and neutrons
a deficency of this element can be expected to reduce the hemoglobin content of blood
Fe
Which set of terms best describes a proton
positive charge
the subatomic particles responsible for the chemical behavior of atoms are
electrons
in the body carbs are stored in the form of
glycogen
which of the folowing does not describe a mixture
chemical bonds are formed
in a beaker of h2o the water-water bonds can properly be called
hydrogen bonds
when a pair of electrons is shared between 2 atoms the bond form is called
a single convalent bond
molecules formed when electrons are shared unequally are
polar molecules
factors that accelerate the rate of chemical reations include all but
increasing the particle size
which of the folowing molecules is an inorganic molecule
sodium chloride
waters importance to living systems reflects
polarity and solvent properties,high heat capacity
high heat of vaporization,chemical reactivity
acids release protons when dissolved in water
a triglyceride consist of glycerol plus up to three fatty acids
a chemist during the course of an analysis runs across a chemical composed of carbon,hydrogenand oxygen
in the proportion 1:2:1 and having a 6 sided molecule shape is a monosaccharide
a chemical has a amine groupand an organic acid group.it does not have peptide bonds it is an
amino acid
the lipid used as a base of vit d, sex hormones and bile salts is/are
cholesterol
enzymes are organic catalysts
that
increase the speed of a chemical reaction
define or describe energy and explain the relationship between potential and kinetic energy
some energy is lost in every energy conversion explain is it really lost if not what then?
provide the atomic symbol for each element calcium carbon hydrogen iron nitrogen oxygen potassium and sodium
how many are similar and how do they differ what are the members of such a group called studt the planetary model