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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Energy
the capacity to do work, or put matter into motion
Kinetic Energy
Energy in motion
Potential Energy
stored energy
Electrical Energy
energy formed by the movement of charged particles across cell membranes
Mechanical Energy
energy directly involved in in moving matter
Radiant Energy
energy that moves in waves
Element
unique substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by ordinary means
Atom
smallest particle of an elemental substance that exhibit the properties of that element
Ion
atom with a positive or negative electrical charge
Molecule
a combination of two or more atoms held together by a chemical bond
Compound
substance composed of two or more different substances
Organic compound
any compound composed of atoms held together by a covalent bond
electrolytes
chemical substances, such as salts that ionize and dissociate in water and are capable of conducting an electrical current
Covalent Bond
chemical bond created by electron sharing between atoms