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114 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
fungi kingdom
- multicellular
- eukaryotic
- heterotroph via absorption
plant kingdom
- multicellur
- eukaryotic
- autotroph
animal kingdom
- multicellular
- eukaryotic
- heterotroph via injestion
protist kingdom
- unicellular
- eukaryotic
- heterotrophs and autotrophs
monera kingdom
- unicellular
- prokaryotic
- heterotrophs and autotrophs
5 kingdom system
- system of classification
- fungi, plant, animal, protist, monera
3 domain system
- eubacteria
- archaebacteria
- eukarya
cocci
type of prokaryote
- sphere shaped
baccilus
- type of prokaryote
- rod shaped
helical
- type of prokaryote
- sprial shaped
cell wall
- part of prokaryote
- protection, maintains shape
- made of petidlyglycan
- prevents cell from bursting in hyptonic situations
capsule
- part of prokaryote
- extra layer of protection
- made of gel
pili
- part of prokaryote
- fibers that help cell hold onto things
inner membranes
- in prokaryotes
- used for photsynthesis and chemiosmosis
reproduction in prokaryotes
- binary fission
- transformation
- conjugation
- transduction
- mutation
trasnformation
- type of reproduction in prokaryotes
- encrorporates genes from surrounding environment
conjugation
- type of reproduction in prokaryotes
- direct transfer of genes from one prokaryote to another
tranduction
- when a bacteria gets a new gene from a virus
photoautotroph
- type of prokaryote
- gets energy from light
- gets carbon from CO2
chemoautotroph
- type of prokaryote
- gets energy from inorganic chemicals
- gets carbon from CO2
photoheterotroph
- type of prokaryote
- gets energy from light
- gets carbon from organic compounds
chemoheterotroph
- type of prokaryote
- gets energy from organic compounds
- gets carbon from organic compounds
obligate aerobes
- type of prokaryote
- must use o2 for cellular respiration
faculative aerobes
- tpye of prokaryote
- will se O2 is needed be but will also do fermentation
obligate anaerobes
- type of prokaryote
- dies in the prescenece of 02
endotoxins
- toxins in the outer membranes of gram negative bacteria
exotoxins
- toxins released from the proteins of particular bacteria
methanogens
- type of archaeobacteria
- uses CO2 & H2 to produce methane
- are obligate anaerobes
- are chemoautotrophs
extreme halophiles
- type of archaeobacteria
- are purple red color
extreme thermophiles
- type of archaebacteria
- love heat
fungi
- cell walls made of chitin
- absorbs nutrients
mycelium
- vegetative body of fungus
hypha
- basic unit of fungus
- transportation system throught reproductive center and throughout main body
candida
- type of fungus
- shower bacteria
- reproduce asexually through budding
budding
- type of asexual reproduction
- when a portion of a fungus breaks off and forms a completely new organism
lichen
- tpye of fungus
- have symbiotic relationship with algae( protist)
- they live in rockas and will break down minerals so other organism can use them and live there
mycorrizhae
- fungus that has mutualistic relationship with plants
- 95 % of plants need mycorrizhae to survive
septa
- blockage between cells in hypha
coencytic hyphae
- fungus without septa
sexual life cycle of fungus
1) adult fungs ( myclelium)
2) plasmogamy
3) karyogamy
4) meiosis
5) germination
6) grows back to mycelium
plasmogamy
- when two cells of neighboring hyphae fuse
- 1 + 1 = 1
karyogamy
- cells join and nucleii combine to form one nucleus
- 2n
mycleium
- adult fungus
- regenerative body
meiosis
- produces sex cells
- produces spores
germination
- spores sprout and develop into an adult
chytrids
- phlya of fungi
- have flagella
- have chitin, absorb nutrients, heterotrophs
-most primitive of all fungi
zygomycota
- phyla of fungi
- coenozytic hyphae
- favor asexual reproduction
- if conditions worsen, they will produce sexually
- spore with stick
ascomycota
- phyla of fungi
- have sac-like bowl
basidiomycota
- phyla of fungi
- club- like shaped fungus
protists
polyphyletic
- have varied cellular division
- produces sexaully and asexaully
protozoa
- animal like protist
mycete
- fungus-like protists
- heterotroph via absorption
archaeazoa
- proposed kingdom
- prosts that do not have mitochondria yet
- are small organisms
have highly fold membranes for chemical reactions
euglenozoa
- proposed kingdom
- have flagella
- heterotrophs and autotrophs
African sleeping sickeness
- tpye of euglenozoa
- causes death overnight
alveolata
- type of protists
- groups are dinoflagellates, and cilliates
dinoflagellates
- member of alveolata
- phytoplankton
- cause of red tide
- primary source of energy in ocena
cilliates
- member of alveolata
- has cillia all over body
- ex: paramecium
psuedoapal
- identified by movement
- identified by feeding mechanism
- groups are rhizopoda, actinopods, forminifererans, and slime molds
rhizopoda
- member of pseduoapal
- no shape, changes shape
- reproduces asexually
- ex: ameoba
actinopods
- member of pseduoapal
- includes heliozonas and radiolarians
heliozonas
- member of pseduoapal
- helix shaped
radiolarians
- spherical shaped
- member of heliozonas
mycleium
- adult fungus
- regenerative body
formaniferans
-member of pseuedoapdal
- mostly marine
- have porous shells
ex: the white cliffs of Dover
meiosis
- produces sex cells
- produces spores
slime molds
- member of pseduoapdal
- are multinucleated in the feeding stage
- secrete slime in haploid statege caused by enzyme
germination
- spores sprout and develop into an adult
chytrids
- phlya of fungi
- have flagella
- have chitin, absorb nutrients, heterotrophs
-most primitive of all fungi
Stramenopila
- have hairlike projections on theri flagella chloroplast derived from endosymboiotic event
mycleium
- adult fungus
- regenerative body
zygomycota
- phyla of fungi
- coenozytic hyphae
- favor asexual reproduction
- if conditions worsen, they will produce sexually
- spore with stick
Diatoms
- member of stramenopila
- glass like cell walls
mycleium
- adult fungus
- regenerative body
meiosis
- produces sex cells
- produces spores
ascomycota
- phyla of fungi
- have sac-like bowl
golden algae
- member of stramenopila
-cartoene and xanthrophyl pigments
- most multicellular
germination
- spores sprout and develop into an adult
oomycota
- member of stramenopila
-white rust, mildew
ex: potatoe famine
basidiomycota
- phyla of fungi
- club- like shaped fungus
meiosis
- produces sex cells
- produces spores
protists
polyphyletic
- have varied cellular division
- produces sexaully and asexaully
germination
- spores sprout and develop into an adult
chytrids
-fungi with flagella
-most primitive of all fungi
phaephya
- brown algae( seaweed)
- multicellular
- have bladed instead of leaves
chytrids
- phlya of fungi
- have flagella
- have chitin, absorb nutrients, heterotrophs
-most primitive of all fungi
zygomycota
- phyla of fungi
- coenozytic hyphae
- favor asexual reproduction
- if conditions worsen, they will produce sexually
- spore with stick
protozoa
- animal like protist
zygomycota
- phyla of fungi
- coenozytic hyphae
- favor asexual reproduction
- if conditions worsen, they will produce sexually
- spore with stick
ascomycota
- phyla of fungi
- have sac-like bowl
ascomycota
- phyla of fungi
- have sac-like bowl
basidiomycota
- phyla of fungi
- club- like shaped fungus
mycete
- fungus-like protists
- heterotroph via absorption
protists
polyphyletic
- have varied cellular division
- produces sexaully and asexaully
basidiomycota
- phyla of fungi
- club- like shaped fungus
archaeazoa
- proposed kingdom
- prosts that do not have mitochondria yet
- are small organisms
have highly fold membranes for chemical reactions
protists
polyphyletic
- have varied cellular division
- produces sexaully and asexaully
protozoa
- animal like protist
euglenozoa
- proposed protist kingdom
- have flagella
- heterotrophs and autotrophs
mycete
- fungus-like protists
- heterotroph via absorption
protozoa
- animal like protist
African sleeping sickeness
- tpye of euglenozoa
- causes death overnight
mycete
- fungus-like protists
- heterotroph via absorption
archaeazoa
- proposed kingdom
- prosts that do not have mitochondria yet
- are small organisms
have highly fold membranes for chemical reactions
archaeazoa
- proposed kingdom
- prosts that do not have mitochondria yet
- are small organisms
have highly fold membranes for chemical reactions
euglenozoa
- proposed kingdom
- have flagella
- heterotrophs and autotrophs
euglenozoa
- proposed kingdom
- have flagella
- heterotrophs and autotrophs
African sleeping sickeness
- tpye of euglenozoa
- causes death overnight
African sleeping sickeness
- tpye of euglenozoa
- causes death overnight
chlorophyta
- green algae
- do not have flagella
- live in freshwater
- have cellulose in cell walls
- have starch storage
multicellularity
- came about throuhg mutulalistic symbiotic relationship
- cas colonies grew thre vecame sepcialized roles within the colony
- colony acts like one super organism
monophyletic
direct evidence between ancestral forms
- everything is known
paraphyletic
- portion that shows one lineafe of one descendant's offspring
polyphyletic
- no evidence is known to support linkage between two organisms