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15 Cards in this Set

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polymer
long molecule consisiting of many identical or similar building blocks linked by covalent bonds
monomer
make polymer, made by dehydration reaction
dehydration reaction
2 molecules are covalently bonded to each other through loss of water molecule, calleed condensation reaction, specifically dehydration reaction
hydrolysis
process that's essentially the reverse of dehydration reaction
monosaccharides
generally with molecular formulas that are some multiple of CH2O
disaccharide
2 monosaccharides joined by glycosidic linkage
glycosidic linkage
covalent bond formed bewtween 2 monosaccharides by a dehydration reaction
polysaccharide
macromolecules joined by glycosidic linkages
macromolecules
polymers with a few hundred to a few thousand monosaccharides
glycogen
animal stroed polysaccharide, polymer of glucose like amyloopectin but more extensively branched
cellulose
walls in plant cells
chitin
carbohydrate in arthropods' skeletons
fat
made from 2 kinds of smaller molecules: glycerol and fatty acids
fatty acid
long carbon skeleton, 16-18
saturated fatty acid
no double bonds between carbon atoms composing the tail, as mahy hydrogen atoms as possible are bonded to the carbon skeleton