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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The frontal lobe
Motor control of the skeletal muscles and of speech centers
The parietal lobe
Involved in sensory information of skeletal muscles.
The temporal lobe
Is responsible for the sensation of smell, taste and hearing
The occipital lobe
Responsible for the sensation of vision.
White matter
External, composed of myelinated axons arranged in columns. The columns contain tracts for vertical relay.
Gray matter
Internal, each side is organized into horns, anterior, posterior and lateral. The horns contain interneurons that complete reflex arcs coordinated by the spinal chord.
Spinal chord
Spinal reflexes, relays sensory information
Medulla oblongata
sensory nuclei, reticular activating system; visceral control
coordination of movements, balance
relay station for ascending sensory and descending tracts, visceral control.
Relay station for ascending sensory and descending tracts; visceral control
visceral control, neuroendocrine control
corpus callosum
connects the two hemispheres
hippocampus (limbic system)
memory, emotion
cerebral cortex
higher functions
Nasal cavity
smell breathe
eustacian tube
connect nasal tube to the ear
oral cavity
for eating
stops food from going down windpipe
salivary glands
mucus for lubrication and amylase for carbs
digest protein
digests all four types of macromolecules
digests fats
gall bladder
holds bile
What direction does blood go in veins
towards from heart
what direction does blood go in arteries?
away from the heart
What is special about pulmonary veins and arteries?
arteries deoxygenated, veins oxygenated