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63 Cards in this Set

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adobe
sun-dried brick made of clay and straw
amphora
a large two-handled storage jar having an oval body
ben-ben
A stone resembling an obelisk, representative of a sun ray
black-figure technique
a style of ancient Greek pottery painting in which the decoration appears as black silhouettes on a red background
burin
a prehistoric pointed or chisellike flint tool used for incising
cartouche
an oval containing a royal Egyptian name
caryatid
a sculptured female figure used as a column
colonnade
a series of regularly spaced columns supporting an entablature and usually one side of a roof
cool color
a color that is calming; gives the appearance of receding (green,blue or violet)
corbel
a piece of stone jutting out of a wall to carry any superincumbent weight
Cro-magnon
early group of homo-sapiens known for producing art
cromlech
A prehistoric monument consisting of monoliths encircling a mound.
cuneiform
"wedge-shaped" writing of the Sumerians
di sotto in su
"Seen from below" an illusionistic technique used for ceilings to provide perspective. The elements above the viewer are rendered as if viewed in true vanishing point perspective.
dolmen
two or more large, upright stones set with a space between and capped by a horizontal stone
earth colors
colors obtained from mining, usually made of compound metals;(yellow,ochre,umber)
flute
a channel, groove, or furrow, as on the shaft of a column
fresco
paintings done on wet plaster, while a secco paintings are completed on dried plaster
gesso
a prepared surface of plaster or plasterlike material for painting
hieroglyphics
ancient egyptian writing
hypostyle hall
a flat ceiling which is supported by columns,the central avenue are of greater height than those of the side aisles, and this admits of openings in the wall above the smaller columns, through which light is admitted over the aisle roof
iconography
symbolic representation, esp. the conventional meanings attached to an image or images.
incising
etching or carving into a surface
isocephaly
the arrangement of figures so that the heads are at the same height(on the same line)
ka
spiritual soul of the dead
kiln
a large stove or oven in which pottery is fired
lapis lazuli
precious blue gemstone used to ornate
lintel
A horizontal structural member, such as a beam or stone, that spans an opening
mastaba
arabic for "bench," a flatroofed, mudbrick, rectangular building with sloping sides that marked the burial site of many eminent Egyptians
megalith
A very large stone used in various prehistoric architectures or monumental structures
menhir
an upright monumental stone standing either alone or with others
monolith
a single block or piece of stone of considerable size, esp. when used in architecture or sculpture
mural
a large picture painted or affixed directly on a wall or ceiling.
necropolis
a cemetery, esp. one of large size and usually of an ancient city.
oeuvre
the whole of an artist's output or work
papyrus
a material on which to write, prepared from thin strips of the pith of this plant laid together, soaked, pressed, and dried, used by the ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans
pilaster
a slightly-projecting column built into or onto a wall
pillar
an upright shaft or structure, of stone, brick, or other material,used as a building support
plinth
the lower mouldings of a podium, or column/pillar
post and lintel
a horizontal member is supported by two vertical beams at either end
potsherds
broken pottery discarded by earlier civilizations that provides archaeological information.
provenance
where something originated or was nurtured in its early existence
red-figure technique
the background is filled in with black paint and only the figures' details are painted red
relief
the projection of a figure or part from the ground or plane on which it is formed, as in sculpture
repousse'
a metalworking technique in which a malleable metal is ornamented or shaped by hammering from the reverse side
sarcophagus
a stone coffin
serdab
a closed room containing a statue
shaman
a person who acts as intermediary between the natural and supernatural worlds, using magic to cure illness, foretell the future, control spiritual forces
stele
An upright stone or slab with an inscribed or sculptured surface, used as a monument or as a commemorative tablet
stylus
a writing utensil,usually refers to a narrow, elongated staff
symmetry
esthetic balance that is achieved by having one side correspond exactly to the other side
tectiform
shapes resemblin man-made structures found on the walls of Paleolithic caves
tempera
a water paint used in this technique in which the egg-water or egg-oil emulsion is used as a binder
terra cotta
a hard, fired clay, brownish-red in color when unglazed, that is used for architectural ornaments and facings, structural units, pottery, and as a material for sculpture
tholos
a subterranean domed tomb chamber of the Mycenaean age
totem
an animal or object considered to be a symbol of a given family or clan
trabeated
the use of horizontal beams or lintels which are borne up by columns or posts
trilithon
a prehistoric structure consisting of two upright stones supporting a horizontal stone.
trompe l'oeil
visual deception, esp. in paintings, in which objects are rendered in extremely fine detail emphasizing the illusion of tactile and spatial qualities
value
degree of lightness or darkness in a color.
warm color
a color intended to be exciting, emphatic and affirmative; seems to advance or project(red, orange or yello)
ziggurat
a rectangular tiered temple or terraced mound erected by the ancient Sumerians
zoomorphism
the representation of gods in the form or with the attributes of an animal