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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Geometric Krater
from the Dipylon cemetery, Athens
ca. 740 B.C.E.
40 1/2 in. high
Mixing bowl, grave marker, bottom is open to pour libations in honor of the dead, meander,
Composite monsters were popular
Centaur is purely Greek invention
Hero and centaur
ca. 750-730 B.C.E.
approximately 4 1/2 in. high
Mantiklos Apollo
ca. 700-680 B.C.E.
approximately 8 in. high
Small bronze dedicated to Apollo
A small inscription on the thigh is dedicated to the deity. Pride in the accomplishment of writing.
“ Mantiklos dedicated me to the far shooting Lord of the silver bow.”
Corinthian black-figure amphora
ca. 625-600 B.C.E.
approximately 1 ft. 2 in. high
Amphora- 2 handled storage jar
Note facination with oriental motifs
See sphinx, lamassu and other fantastical animals.
Black Figure painting- Vase painting. The artist painted black figures and then incised details within the forms.
Lintel above the doorway
Note orientalized animal freize.
Lintel of Temple A
Prinias, Greece
ca. 625 B.C.E. limestone approximately 2 ft. 9 in. high
Kouros = Youth
Kouroi- plural

Emulates the stance of the Egyptian statues.
Statues replaced huge kraters at grave sires as markers.
Different in 2 ways
Liberated from stone block
Greeks wanted to represent motion not stability and unmoving qualities
Calf Bearer (Moschophoros)
from the Acropolis, Athens, Greece
ca. 560 B.C.E.
65 in. high The first archaic smile found. Smiles will appear on most Kouros and Kore from then onward.
Was painted.
He died a hero’s death
Is not a portrait
Rendered in more naturalistic style while maintaining the Egyptian influence
Face is rounded, proportions better
All Greek stone sculptures were painted. Kroisos
from Anavysos, Greece
ca. 530 B.C.E.
76 in. high
Peplos Kore
from the Acropolis, Athens, Greece
ca. 530 B.C.E.
48 in. high
Andokides Painter
Achilles & Ajax playing a dice game
from Orvietto, Italy
ca. 525-520 B.C.E.
21 in. high
Black figure side and red figure side. Bilingual Painting
Labeled figures and signatures appear in Archaic vase painting
Exekias considered the master of black figure ware
Exekias both potter and painter
Achilles saying (four)
Ajax saying (three) in the dice game
Theme- battle of Greeks and Trojans with Athena at the center of the bloody conflict
Unified theme and consistent size
Dying warrior
from the Temple of Aphaia, Aegina, Greece
ca. 500-490 B.C.E.
approximately 5 ft. 2 1/2 in. long
East pediment figures were destroyed and replaced at a later date
Note posture more naturalistic pose and figure is reacting to his wounds
Classical cannon first seen. Revolution occurs in art!
The defeat of the Persian invaders by the unified Hellenic city-states began the Classical age
A new way to stand
The final break from the Egyptian cannon
Portrays how a human being really stands
Shifting weight
Rescued from the sea
One of a pair that were on a ship that sank in antiquity
Spent 2 millennia under water
Hollow casting technique
Male form in motion
Once held a weapon, probably a thunderbolt in his hand. Zeus (or Poseidon?)
from the sea off Cape Artemision, Greece
ca. 460-450 B.C.E.
82 in. high
Known only though copies as the original bronze no longer exists
Romans were the patrons
Marble was less costly for the copies
The intrusive tree trunks were added
Coies rarely approach the mastery of the original
Note that the face does not mirror the tension in the body
So starts the quest for the ideal human form
Most copied sculpture
Original lost
The perfect proportions

Right arm and left leg are relaxed
Asymmetrical balance
Centerpiece of the Acropolis
More human genius at one place than any other time in human history

Became a Byzantine Church, a Catholic Church, Islamic Mosque
Each time the building was remolded
Statue of Athena was removed.
Statues were removed from the pediment.
Gold and Ivory
Chryselephantine sculpture
Even Lord Elgin couldn’t recover this statue
Destroyed long before the 19th C
Model in Toronto
Parthenon was designed and built around it.
The temple façade had to be 8 columns wide rather than the usual 6.
A new humanizing approach possibly due to the struggles of the Greeks during the preceding years.
More sensuousness
Original lost
Pliny said that observers were overcome with love for the statue.
Female nudity rare- at least not noblewomen or goddesses.
Yet another canon
Lysippos- great sculpture of late classical period
Selected by Alexander the Great to make his official portrait.
Made figures more slender
Heads 1/8th the height of the figure
Athlete scraping oil from his body after exercising
Victory in a fountain
The flowing waters created the illusion of waves against the ship
Hellenistic statues interact with the environment. No pedestals.
Base is lost
Her left hand, separately preserved holds the apple Paris awarded her when he judged her as the most beautiful goddess of all.
Designed to tease the spectator
Archaic statues smiled, Classical statues looked away from the viewer and Hellenistic statues were asleep or intoxicated.
Previous males did not exude eroticism.
Consider the Archaic Kouros.
The aged and the ugly
Realistic not idealistic
Homeric theme
Made for the Romans
Vatican museums
Trojan priest and his sons.
The gods who favored the Greeks in the war against Troy sent the serpents to punish Laocoon, who had tried to warn against bringing the Greek’s wooden horse within the walls of the city.