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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Gross Anatomy
The study of structures visable to the human eye
Regional Anatomy
The study of strutures in a particular region of he body
Systemic Anatomy
Anatomy is studied system by system
Surface Anatomy
Study of structure as they relate to the epidermis
Microscopic anatomy
Study of structures too small to beb seen by the naked eye
Developmental Anatomy
The study of changes in anatomy over the course of life
Principle of Complementarity of structure and function
*Structure always reflects function
*What a structure can do depends on its form
Levels of Structural Organization
Chemical, Cellular, Tissue, Organ, Organ System, Organism
Neccessary Life Functions
Maintain Boundaries, Movement, Responsiveness (Irratibility), Digestion, Metabolism, Excretion, Reproduction, Growth
Survival Needs
Nutrients, Oxygen, Water, Normal body temp, atmospheric pressure
The ability to maintain relatively stable internal conditions even though the world outside is constantly changing
The factor or event being controlled or regulated
SOme type of sensor that monitors the environment and responds to changes
Control Center
Determines the set point, the level at which the variable is to be maintained
Provides the means for the control center's response (output) to the stimulus
Negative Feedback
the output shuts off the original stimulus or reduces its intensity, returning it to its ideal value
Positive Feedback
the result or response enhances the original stimulus so that output is accelerated
Anatomical position
The body is erect with the feet slightly apart. The arms at at the side, slightly away from the body, with the palms facing forward and the thumbs pointing away from the midline.
Toward the head end or upper part of body or structure
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of the body or structure
Toward or at the front of the body
Toward or at the back of the body
Toward or at the midline of the body
Away from the midline of the body
Between a more medial and lateral structure
Closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb
Farther from the origin of a body part or attachment point of a limb
Toward or at the body surface
Away from the body surface
Makes up the main axis of the body including the head, neck, and trunk