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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Gross Anatomy
-"macroscopic anatomy"
-examination of large structures and features usually visible w/ the unaided eye.
Surface Anatomy
Study of general form and superficial markings.
Regional Anatomy
Anatomy of the head, neck or trunk.
Systematic Anatomy
study of organ systems, groups of organs that funct. 2gtr in a coordinated manner. Ex: skeletal system>bones, muscular>muscles, cardiovascular>heart, blood and vessels.
Developmental Anatomy
describes the changes in form that occur between conception and physical maturity.
Clinical Anatomy
medical anatomy:anatomical features that change during illness
Radiographic anatomy:anatomical structures seen using specialized imaging techniques.
Surgical anatomy: anatomical landmarks important in surgery
Cytology
The study of cells
Histology
Study of tissues
Tissues
Froups of cells that work together to perform specific functions.
Organs
ex. heart, kidney, liver or brain.
Homeostasis
stable internal environment
Anterior/Ventral
front/before
Posterior/Dorsal
back/behind
supine
face up
prone
face down
RUQ
liver, gallbladder, large intestine, small intestine
RLQ
appendix
LUQ
Stomach, Spleen
LLQ
Urinary bladder
RUQ
liver, gallbladder, large intestine, small intestine
RLQ
appendix
LUQ
Stomach, Spleen
LLQ
Urinary bladder
Cranial/Cephalic
The head
Superior
Above
Caudal
The tail
Inferior
Below
Medial
Toward the body's longitudinal axis
Lateral
Away from the body's longitudinal axis
Proximal
Toward and attached base
Distal
Away from an attached base
Superficial
At, near of close to the body surface
Deep
Farther from the body surface
Epithelia
layers of cells that cover internal or external srufaces
glands
structures that produce fluid secretions
Avascular
lack of blood vessels