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70 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Nerve that must be anesthetized during awake intubation
internal laryngeal nerve
epithelial lining of the oropharynx
stratified squamous
epithelial lining of the laryngopharynx
stratified squamous with a mucus membrane associated with it
What are the two processes of the arytneoid processes
vocal process
muscular process
3 extrinsic ligaments of the larynx
2 intrinsic ligaments of the larynx
Contraction of these muscles narrow the laryngeal inlet
aryepiglottic muscle and oblique arytenoid muscle
Contraction of this muscle reuslts in the widening of the laryngeal inlet
Tenses the vocal cords
crycothyroid muscle
Relaxes the vocal cords
Muscle that abducts the true vocal cords
posterior cricoarytenoids
Muscles that adduct the true vocal cords
Lateral cricoarytenoids

oblique and transverse arytenoids
Muscle that adducts the true vocal cords and closes the rima glottidis
lateral cricoarytenoids
Epithelial lining of the larynx
respiratory epithelium
Epithelial lining of the true vocal cords
stratified squamous
Lymphatic drainage of the larynx
deep cervical lymph node
Carries sensory information from the laryngeal inlet to the upper half of the true vocal cords
internal laryngeal nerve
Carries sensory infor for the area from the lower half of the true vocal cords and infraglottic
recurrent laryngeal nerve
Only muscle of the larynx that is innervated by the external laryngeal nerve. What innervates the others?
Recurrent larygneal nerve
Supplies blood to the trachea (3)
Inferior thyroid artery
Intercostal arteries
Bronchial arteries
Innervation of the trachea
Recurrent laryngeal nerve
From where do the bronchial arteries derive
Aorta and intercostal arteries
Lymph drainage of the primary bronchi
Tracheobronchial and bronchopulmonary lymph nodes
Lymph drainage of secondary and tertiary bronchi
pulmonary nodes drain into tracheobronchial lymph nodes
Epethelial lining of the bronchioles
modified repiratory epithelium
Name all of the nerves that innervate the internal nose
1,5, 7, SNS
Superior esophageal sphincter
cricopharyngeus muscle
Elevates the larynx and pharynx during swallowing
longitudinal muscles
Smooth muscle that closes the open ends of the C-shaped tracheal cartilage
Trachealis muscle
Last lung segment to have mucus glands
Venous supply of the conducting bronchioles
pulmonary veins
Arterial supply of the conducting bronchioles
bronchial artery
Ligament that is attached to the ingerior end of the epiglottis
Cartilage of the larynx that does not articulate with any other
seperates the upper and middle lobe
horizontal fissure
Fold where costal pleura bends back to form the diaphragmatic pleura
Costal reflection
Fold where costal pleura bends back to form the mediastinal pleura
sternal reflection
Fold where the costal pleura reflects posteriorly and becomes mediastinal pleura
vertebral reflection
Where is the costomediastinal recess located
within the sternal reflection
Where is the costodiaphragmatic recess located
within the costal reflection
Widest portion of the mediastinum
Trace the blood supply to the larynx
Sup. thyroid art.-> Sup. laryngeal artery

Inferior thyroid art.-> Inf. laryngeal artery
what are the 3 structures of the carotid sheath
carotid artery
internal jugular vein
vagus nerve
Another name for the part of the recurrent laryngeal artery that innervates the lower larynx
inferior laryngeal nerve
Trace the innervation of the cricothyroid muscle
external laryngeal nerve -> superior laryngeal nerve -> vagus
Lymphatic drainage of the trachea (3)
Tracheal lymph nodes
Tracheobronchial lymph nodes
Deep cervical lymph nodes
Lateral part of the thyroarytenoid muscle that produces the same movement
Extends from the vocal process to the angle of the thyroid cartilage
true vocal cords
Extends from the upper lateral aspect of the arytenoid cartilages to the angle of the thyroid cartilage
vestibular folds
Angle of the right mainstem bronchus
Angle of the left mainstem bronchus
First part of the airway in which no cartilage or mucous glands are present
Potential airway that connects a preterminal bronchiole to the gaseous exchange airway
Canal of Lambert
Where do clara cells replace goblet cells
Terminal bronchioles
Cuboidal cell that produces the fluid layer inside the alveoli
Type 2 pneumocyte
Squamous cell involved with gas exchange
Type 1 pneumocyte
Relatively large amount of smooth muscle is present in the part of the airway
More effective for dilating airways in COPD conditions
Epethelial lining of the bronchi
Support tissue of the bronchioles
In the bronchioles as the goblet cells decrease, these cells increase
Clara cells
3 generations of this part of the lungs are known as the transitional zone
respiratory bronchioles
2 components of the respiratory bronchiolar walls
smooth muscle
elastic tissue
2 parts of the respiratory tree with little smooth muscle and elastic fiber
alveolar ducts
alveolar sacs
Terminal respiratory unit.
How many generations?
pulmonary acinus
resp bronchioles 3
alveolar ducts 3
aveolar sacs 1
Primary lobule. How many generations?
Pulmonary lobule

terminal bronchiole 1
resp bronchioles 3
alveolar ducts 3
aveolar sacs 1
4 things that prevent spontaneous collapse of alveoli
canals of Lambert
alveolar pores
pulmonary surfactant
Most important factor preventing collapse in the alveoli
Where does most damage of the developing lungs occur
When is lung development complete
8 years