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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
MEMBRANES
thin sheet of tissue
functions; covers, protects, anchors oragans toghter, decreases friction betwween joints
VISERAL PORTION
covers surface of the organ
PARIETAL PORTION
walls of the body cavity
PLEURA
covers the walls of the thoracic cavity ex: lungs
PERITONEUM
covers the wall of the abdomina; cavity
PERITONITIS
inflammtion of the peritoneum
ex: complicatons of appendicitis
MUCOCUTANEOUS JUNCTION
point where skin & mucus memmbranes meet
function: proection
located: respiratory,urinary
SYNOVIAL MEMBRANES
line spaces between the joint and the bone
SYNOVIAL FLUID
reduces friction
BURSAE
fluid filled sacks
EPIDERMIS
outer layer of the skin
DERMIS
composed of dense fibrous conn. tissue
thicker: deep to epidermis
collagen& elastic fibers strong and strechable
EPITHELIAL
3 catories
cutaneous=skin
serous membrane= found on surface in closed cavities
mucous membranes= lining body surface that open directly to the exterior
STRATUM GERMINATIVUM
inner most layer of the skin
KERATION
hard protein tha helps waterproof thre skin
STRATUM CORNEUM
outer maost layer of the skin (dead skin)
MELANOCYTES
deppest layer of the epidermis-produces melanin
2 LAYERS OF THE DERMIS
papillary layer-upper layer forms ridgers%groves of fingerprints
reticular layer- depper layer
SUBCUTANEOUS LAYER
fat layer--- anchors skin,except where skin is directly anchored to the bone
ARRECTOR PILI
produces goose pimples---attached to the base of the dermal papilla
ALOPECIA
hairloss
FUNCTIONS OF THE HAIR
sense organs; receptors for touch,pain,temp.,pressure
ECCRINE SWEAT GLANDS
produces perspiration throughout the body; secretes sweat throught pores
APOCRINE SWEAT GALNDS
found in axialla; pigmemnted skin around the gentials-helps get rid of waste
SEBACEOUS GLANDS
--secrete oil for hair&skin
--they grown where hair grows
SEBUM
secretion
CERUMINOUS GLANDS
secrete cerumen (earwax)
FUNCTIONS OF THE SKIN
-helps retian water
-synthersizing vit.D
-regulation body temp
REGULATION OF BODY TEMP.
heat produced in muscles
heat loss occurs 4 means
radiation
conductioin
covection
evaporation
RADIATION
heat is lost from a warm object to cooler surrounding
CONDUCTION
heat goes from a warm object to a cooler object that is touching the warm object
CONVECTION
loss of heat by air currents moving over the skin surface
EVAPORATION
when a liquid becomes a gas
HYPERTHERMIA
higher body temp. than normal
--usually with infection
HYPOTHERMIA
lower body temp. than normal
BURNS
most serious&frequent skin problems
FIRST DEGREE BURNS
minor redding,may peel but no blister
SECOND DRGREE BURNS
injury to deep epidermal layers& upper dermis
-damage hair
-blister- swelling,servere pain scarring
THIRD DRGREE BURNS
complete destruction of the dremis & epidermis
--excessive fluid loss
DEMATOSIS
any skin disorder
DERMATITIS
skin condtion with imfalmmation
BOIL
cused by staph infection of hair follicle
CYST
sac-lik structure containg fliud or semi soild material
ECZEMA
inflammtion with papules,vesicles,and crust