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18 Cards in this Set

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another name of antiepileptic drugs
AKA anticonvulsant drugs
grand mal or tonic-clonic, myoclonic, absence & status epilepticus
types of generalized seizures
simple partial & complex partial
types of partial seizures
phenobarbital (Luminal) -> drug type & indications
barbiturate drug indicated for grand mal seizures & both types of partial seizures
mephobarbital (Mebaral) -> drug type & indications
barbiturate drug indicated for grand mal seizures & both types of partial seizures
adverse effects of barbiturate drugs
sedation, dizziness, mental confusion, headache & rash
phenytoin (Dilantin)
hydantoin drug
mechanism of action of hydantoin drugs
increase GABA levels and prevents sodium from enterin the neurons
clinical indications of phenytoin
grand mal & both types of partial seizures
adverse effects of phenytoin
dizziness, visual disturbances, postural imbalance, hirsutism (excessive hair growth), gingival hyperplasia
mechanism of action of carbamazepine (Tegretol)
decrease the amount of sodium available to the neurons
clinical indications of carbamazepine
grand mal seizures and all types of partial seizures
adverse effects of carbamazepine
nausea, drowsiness, dizziness, diplopia, liver disturbances & bone marrow depression
ethosuximide (Zarontin)
a type of succinimide drug
clinical indications of succinimide drugs
only used to treat absence seizures
diazepam (Valium) & clonazepam (Klonopin)
2 types of benzodiazepine drugs used as anticonvulsants
series of continuous grand mal seizures that last for 30 minutes or more
status epilepticus
treating status epilepticus
drugs (diazepam or clonazepam) are administered via IV or IM with phenytoin to follow