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66 Cards in this Set

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Rx for UTI
TMP/SMX, amoxicillin, quinolones,
Rx for bronchitis
amox, erythromycin
Rx for classic PNA
third-generation cephalosporin
Rx for cellulitis
antistaph penicillin, e.g. dicloxacillin, methicillin
Rx for meningitis in a neonate
amp + aminoglycoside (amikacin, gentamycin, etc.), 3rd gen cephalosporin
Rx for meningitis in child/adult
3rd gen cephalosporin or vanc + meropenem + dexamethasone
Rx for enterococcus
penicillin or amp + aminoglycoside, or vanc + aminoglycoside
Rx for gonococcus
ceftriaxone or fluoroquinolone
Rx for meningococcus
penicillin/ampicillin or cefotax
Rx for pseudomonas
antipseudomonal penicillin + aminoglycoside
Rx for bacteriodes
metronidazole
gram + diplococci
strep pneumo
gram - coccobacili (small rods)
haemophilus
gram - diplococci
neisseria or moraxella
plump gram - rod with thick capsule (mucoid)
klebsiella
gram + rods that form spores
clostridium, bacillus
pseudohyphae
candida
gram + with sulfur granules
actinomyces
PID in IUD users
actinomyces
silver stain
PCP and cat-scratch
positive india ink stain
cryptococcus
spirochete
treponema, leptospira (dark field microscopy), borrelia
stuck with thorn or gardening
sporothrix schenckii
aplastic crisis in sickle cell
parvovirus B19
pneumonia after cave exploring or exposure to bird droppings in Ohio/Mississippi river valleys
histoplasm
PNA after exposure to parrot/exotic bird
chlamydia psittaci
B12 deficiency and abdominal sx
diphyllobothrium latum
seizures with ring-enhancing brain lesion
taenia solium or toxo
squamous cell bladder CA in middle east or africa
schistosoma haematobium
worm infection in children
enterobius
positive tape test; itching
enterobius
fever, muscle pain, eosinophilia, and periorbital edema after eating raw meat
trichinella
genital lesions in kids in absence of sexual abuse
molluscum contagiosum
cellulitis after cat/dog bites
pasteurella multocida
slaughterhouse worker with fever
brucellosis
Rx for legionella
azithromycin or levofloxacin
burn wound infection with blue/green color
pseudomonas
treatment for enterobius
albendazole or pyrantel pamoate
UTI and alkaline urine
proteus
pulmonary infection in IVDA
staph aureus
osteo and history of puncture wound
pseudomonas
Rx for bartonella
azithromycin x 5 days
Rx for influenza
oseltamvir and zanamvir (neuraminidase inhibibtors) or rimantadine and amantadine (but only for flu A)
Rx for HIV pt with + PPD
isoniazid and pyridoxine x 9 mos
Rx for CNS cryptococcus
ampho and flucytosine
Rx for AIDS esophagitis
oral fluconazole
HAART drug associated with pancreatitis
didanosine
HAART drug associated with hypersensitivity syndrome
abacavir
HAART drug associated with stevens-johnson
all NNRTIs
HAART drug associated with lactic acidosis
all NRTIs
HAART drug associated with liver failure
nevirapine
HAART drug associated with crystal-associated nephropathy
indinavir (PI)
treatment for pregnant/lactating woman with lyme
amoxicillin
crooked, branching, beaded gram + partially acid fast
nocardia
Rx for nocardia
TMP-SMX
poorly controlled diabetic with necrotic sinus infection
mucormycosis (caused by rhizopus)
Rx for primary syphilis
IM benzathine penicillin
Rx for primary syphilis in pen-allergic patient
azithromycin or doxycycline
Rx for patient with human or cat/dog bite?
amox-clav
asian patient with insensate, hypopigmented patch of skin
leprosy
how do you diagnose leprosy
skin biopsy
organism that causes pseudoappendicitis
campylobacter
treatment for histoplasmosis
IV ampho B then itraconazole for life
Rx for herpes zoster
valcyclovir or acyclovir
Rx for RMSF in pregnant woman
chloramphenicol
Rx for malaria prophylaxis in sub-saharan africa & indian subcontinent
mefloquine (because of chloroquine-resistant p. falcifarum)