Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/12

Click to flip

12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Antibiotics that affect membrane permeability
polymixins, polyenes, nystatin, amphotericin B
inhibit protein synthesis by binding to a specific protein of 30S ribosomal subunit
aminoglycosides: gentamicin, kanamycin, neomycin, amikacin, tobramycin
Block protein synthesis by inhibiting binding of amino-acyl t-RNA to 30S subunit
tetracyclines
bind to 50S ribosomal subunit; inhibits protein synthesis at chain elongation step
erythromycin, azithromycin, clindamycin, chloramphenicol
bind rRNA on both ribosomal subunits (new)
oxazolidinones, linezolid
bind to 50S ribosomal subunit (new)
streptogramins, dalfopristin, quinupristin
Binds isoleucyl tRNA synthetase, preventing charging of Ile-tRNA and thus affecting protein synthesis
Mupirocin
Inhibits bacterial DNA gyrase
Fluoroquinolones, ciprofloxacin
Fragment DNA
nitroimidazoles
Binds to bacterial RNA polymerase and blocks transcription
Rifampin
Inhibit ergosterol synthesis
Azoles, fluconazole
Unknown mechanism, anti-TB
ethambutol, pyrazinamide