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45 Cards in this Set

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Which class of antibiotics are the oldest on the market?
Sulfa Drugs
List the brand name of this generic medication.
sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim
Bactrim, Bactrim DS, Cotrim, Cotrim DS, Septra, Septra DS
In the name Bactrim DS, what does DS stand for?
Double Strength
What is the name of the drugs that are similar to sulfa and should be used if you are allergic to sulfa?
nitrofurantoin
What is the brand name(s) for nitrofurantoin?
Macrobid, Macrodantin
What is the main side effect of Macrobid?
nausea
What auxillary labels should you include on the bottle for someone who is taking Macrobid?
Take with fluids, Take with food, Avoid alcohol
What are some side effects that your patient should know when taking Macrobid?
Nausea, may turn your urine brown
What illnesses do sulfonamides treat? List 4
UTI, otitis media, ulcerative colitis, LRI
What is the most common side effect of sulfa drugs?
Rash
What are other potential side effects of sulfonamides?
nausea, vomiting, kidney damage, jaundice, drug fever
What auxillary labels should be put on all sulfonamides?
Avoid the sun, Take with plenty of fluids
What illnesses is Penicillin the drug of choice for?
abscesses, strep throat, meningitis, otitis media, pneumonia, respiratory infections, venereal disease
What is the drug you should take if you are allergic to Penicillin?
600 mg of Clindamycin or 500 mg of Zithromax
Should Penicillin be taken with or without food?
without
What is the most common side effect of PCN?
diarrhea
Name the brand name(s) for Amoxicillin
Amoxil, Trimox
what is the brand name for Penicillin V
Veetids
What is the generic name for Augmentin?
amoxicillin-clavulanate
If a person is allergic to PCN what is the other drug class that they may have a 10% chance of being allergic to called?
Cephalosporins
how many generations do cephalosporins have?
4
What is the generic name for Keflex?
cephalexin
What is the generic name for Omnicef?
cefdinir
What side effects are you likely to have with cephalosporins?
diarrhea
What medication in its oral suspension has a high sugar content?
Omnicef
Who should be warned about the sugar content in Omnicef?
diabetics
should you refrigerate cephalosporins?
yes, except for Omnicef
What are the primary uses of Tetracyclines?
acne, chronic bronchitis, lyme disease, rocky mountain spotted fever
What auxillary labels should be used for tetracyclines?
avoid sun, do not take antacids
what are the primary side effects of Tetracyclines?
GI upset, nausea and vomiting
Can you drink milk or eat dairy products while taking tetracyclines?
NO
Is it okay to take a tetracycline after its expiration date?
NO
What are some examples of Macrolides?
Biaxin, Zithromax, and Dynabac
what are these medications used for?
strep A, chlamydia, H. Influenza
What are the common side effects of Macrolides?
severe GI distress
Should you take macrolides with or without food?
with
Azithromycin is generic for
Zithromax
clarithromycin is generic for
Biaxin
dirithromycin is generic for
Dynabac
Ketolides are usually prescribed for what illness?
sinus infections
Ketek is the brand name for which generic?
Telithromycin
What class of drug would be best to take if you have a bone infection?
Quinolones
What are the side effects associated with Quinolones?
GI upset, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, unpleasant taste in the mouth.
If I get GI upset with a quinolone can I take an antacid with it?
NO
Can I take Theophylline with a quinolone?
NO