Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
antimicrobial agent, either natural or synthetic, that kills or stops the growth of other organisms
drug that kills or prevents the growth of fungi
a protienlike substance produced in the body to fight microorganisms
free of pathogens
machine that sterilizes with steam under pressure, usually at 250 degrees F, for a designated time
an agent that is destructive to bacteria
an agent that inhibits the growth or multiplication of bacteria
broad spectrum antibiotics
antibiotics that are effective against a wide variety of pathogens
culture and sensitivity test
laboratory technique for finding out which, if any, microbes are present, and which antibiotic will be effective agianst a specific pathogen
chemical capable of killing bacteria; used in sterilization process
plantlike parastic microorganisms
gram stain
laboratory test for identifying microbes
an exaggerated response to a drug or other foriegn agent
able to resist damage from pathogens
a way of stimulating production of antibodies by exposing the body to weakened or killed germs
an invasion by pathogens that reproduce, multiply, and cause disease
infectious desease
disease caused by direct or indirect spread of pathogens from one person to another
immunizing by administration of a vaccine
white blood cell that defends the body against bacteria
tiny one celled plants and animals; some are pathogenic/disease-producing and other are nonpathogenic; also called microbes
infection caused by fungi
narrow spectrum antibiotics
anatibiotics that are effective against specific pathogens
disease producing microorganisms
enzyme produced by microbes that makes them resistant to penicillin
sensitivity to light, often a side effect of certian drugs; can cause a rash
the ability of a particular microorganism to resist the effect of a specific antibiotic
secondary infection that occurs while the antibiotic is destroying the first infection
standard precautions
primary strategies for prevention of infection transmitted through blood, body fliud, nonintact skin, and mucous membranes
universal precautions
safety measures that consider all patients potentially infectious with blood borne pathogens
introduction of an infectious agent for the purpose of establishing resistance to an infectious disease
name some common antibiotics and their routes of administation?
amoxicillin clavulante PO
erythromycin PO, IV
gentamicin IV, IM
(septra,bactrim) IV, PO
ciprofloxacin(cipro) PO
what is amoxicillin used for?
lower respiratory infection
otitis media
urinary tract infection
skin infection
what is erythromycin used for?
acute pelvic inflammatory disease
prophylaxis for dental work
respiratory infection
what is gentimicin used for?
bloodstream infection
serious infections
prophylaxis for GI or GU surgery
What is septra & bactrium used for?
urinary tract infections
otitis media
what is ciproflaxacin used for?
bone infection
urinary tract infection
skin infection
what is the action of amoxicillin?
inhibits bacterial cell wall synthesis
what is the action of erythromycin?
inhibits protein synthesis
what is the action of gentamicin?
inhibits protien synthesis
what is the action of sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (septra,bactrim)?
blocks folate metabolism pathways
what is the action of ciprofloxacin?
inhibits DNA gyrase
What is the usual dose of amoxicillin?
250mg PO q8hrs;
500mg 1 8hrs(severe infections)
watch patient closly for allergic reaction
What is the usual dose of erythromycin?
250-550mg PO q 6hrs
What is the usual dose of gentamicin?
3mg/Kg daily in divided doses; IM or IV infusion q 8hrs
What is the usual dose of sulfamethoxazole /trimethoprim (septra,bactrim)
one double strenght tablet PO q 12h; encourge fluids
What is the usual dose of ciprofloxacin?
500mg PO q 12 hr; do not take with antacids
what are the side effects and adverse reactions to amoxicillin?
nausea, vomitting, diarrhea,hyposensitivity, reactions such as rash, chills, S.O.B.
what are the side effects and adverse reactions to erythromycin?
nausea, vomitting, diarrhea, abdominal pain
what are the side effects and adverse reactions to gentamicin?
kidney damage, hearing loss, upset of balance; drug levels must be closely monitored
what are the side effects and adverse reactions to sulfamethoxazole /trimethoprim (septra,bactrim)?
nausea, vomitting, diarrhea, rash, allergic reaction to sulfa
what are the side effects and adverse reactions to ciprofloxacin?
headache,nausea, diarrhea,rash
what is a common antifungal and the routes of administation?
amphotericin B
what is amphotericin B used for?
systemic fungal infections
what is the action of amphotericin B?
damages fungal cell wall
what is the usual dose and special instructions for amphotericin B?
100mg PO QID for 7 to 10 days
what are the side effects and adverse reactions to amphotericin B?
fever, chills, nausea, wieght loss, anorexia, kidney damage, vein irritation
What is a common antiviral medication and routes it is used?
IV, PO, top
what are the uses for acyclovir?
herpes simplex, chickenpox, genital herpes
What is the action of acyclovir?
stops viral replication
what is the usual dose and special instructions for acyclovir?
200mg PO 1 4hr
what are the side effects and adverse reactions of acyclovir?
kidney damage, headache, confusion, irritablity, nausea, vomiting