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46 Cards in this Set

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the use of a symbol generally an animal or a plant as a physical representation for a group, generally a clan
totemism
a dramatic rendering or social portrayal of meanings shared by a specific body of people in a way that makes them seem correct and proper
ritual
the activities, including ritual, myth, art, dance, and music that dramatically depict the meanings shared by a specific body of people
symboloic actions
the idea that there is an explicit link between the grammer of language and the culture of the people who speak that language
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
a figure of speech in which linguistic expressions are taken from one area of experience and applied to another
metaphor
a story or narrative that portrays the meanings people give to their experience
myth
the slow, often unacknowledged shift in someone's manner of interpreting events as he or she becomes involved with a particular activity
interpretive drift
the term suggested by anthony F. C. wallace for attempts by a people to construct a more satisfying culture
revitalization movements
a system in which individuals trace their descent through both parents
bilateral kinship
the family group consisting of father, mother, and thier own or adopted children
nuclear family
a system of descent in which persons are related to their kin through the mother only
matrilineal kinship
a system of descent in which persons are related to their kin through the father only
patrineal kinship
the requirement that when a couple marries, the groom must work for the bride's parents for some specified period of time
brideservice
a lineage that is formed by tracing descent in the female line
matrilineage
a family group based on blood relations of three or more generations
extended family
a rule that prohibits sexual relations among certain categories of kin, such as brothers or sisters, parents and children, or in some cases, cousins
incest taboo
a unilateral descent group whose members claim descent from a common ancestor
clan
a rule that requires a person to marry someone outside one's own group
exogamy
the valuables that a groom or his family are expected or obligated to present to the bride's family
bridewealth
the goods and valuables a bride's family supplies to the grooms family or to the couple
dowry
a form of marriage in which a person is permitted to have m ore than one spouse
polygamy
a form of marriage in which a man is permitted to have more than one wife
polygyny
a form of marraige in which a woman is permitted to have more than one husband
polyandry
a view of the self in which the individual cannot be conceived of as existing separately from society or apart from his or her status or role
holistic
the term suggested by arnold van gennep for rituals that mark a person's passage from one identity or status to another
rites of passage
related by blood
consanguine
values and attitudes that people have regarding maleness and femaleness
gender
the state of being on a threshold in space or time, threshold may be defined where many social meanings coalesce
liminality
corporate identity that villagers use to distinguish who a person can or cannot marry
matrilineal clan
strategies used to influence others, often with betel nuts
magic spells
biological differences between men and women
sex
the attempt to understand the beliefs and behaviors of other cultures in terms of the culture in which they are found
relativism
marrying within the group
endogamy
having permission of subject before conducting fieldwork
informed consent
the term suggested by anthony f.c. wallace for attempts by a people to construct a more satisfying culture
revitalization movements
the social principal that giving a gift creates social ties with the person receiving it, who eventually is obliged to reciprocate
principle of reciprocity
goods that carry little personal meaning, as distinguished from possessions, which are associated somehow with the producer and or distributor of the goods
commodities
a form of exchange in which persons share what they have with others but expect them to reciprocate later
generalized reciprocity
a form of exchange in which the object is to get something for nothing or to make a profit
negative reciprocity
the term suggested by marshall d sahlins for a form of exchange in which items of equal or near equal value are exchanged on the spot
balanced reciprocity
a theory based on the assumption that social hierarchy is necessary for the smooth functioning of society
integrative theory of social stratificaton
a system of social stratification based on income or possesion of wealth and resources. individual social mobility is possible in a class system
social classes
a system of social stratification based on assignment at birth to the ranked social or occupational groups of parents. there is no mobility from one caste to another and intermarriage may be forbidden
caste
something personal, or a possesion given that carries a meaning
gift
a complex and conflictual web of beliefs, symbols, modes of interaction, values, and ideologies that have emerged in opposition to exclusion from mainstream society
street culture
network formed, even though there are no biological ties
kinship idiom