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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anthropology
Study of Humankind throughout time, study of behavior
Physical anthropology
Study of the origins of humans
Archeology
Study of humans through the material culture
Linguistics
Study of language forms across space and time and their relation to culture
Cultural Anthropology
Study of contemporary human cultures
Paleontologists
Evolution of humans
Ethnography
What cultural anthropologists do
Ethical Obligations
1.Respect the people their studying
2.People who fund the research
3.Peers
Culture is distributed in what way?
1. Shared
2. Learned in groups
3. Culture composed of many elements
Buffon
Wrote Natural History
Earth came from comet
Linnaeus
Founder of the modern classification system
Le Marc
How species change and heriditary abduration
Darwin's 3 rules
1. Envionment selects those individuals best suited for survival
2. individuals less suited fail to reproduce
3. Traits favored by selection are passed onto the next generation
Darwin-origin of species
1. All organism exhibit variability
2. All Organisms reproduce
Mindell
monk-plants and DNA
Cavae
Elephant bones
Microevolution
change of species over time
catastrophism
explained change in terms of repeated natural catastrophies
Gregory Mindell
Cross genetics with plants
Early version of DNA
Law of Segregation
only one of a pair of genes are passed off from parent to offspring
Law of Independent Assortment
every trait is inherited independently of every other traits
Frame and Magnum
Place in skull where your spinal chord attaches
Raymond Dart
Tung Skull
who were the oustrolepithecines?
First direct human descendents from Africa
Explain the characteristics of oustrolepithecine
1. Walked upright
2. Long arms/small stature
3. did not use tools
Lewis leeky
found Lucy skeleton Ostrolepeithecine
Dubrois
found missing link between human ancestry in Asia
Homosapiens characteristics?
Larger Brain
Used tools
Homoerectus characteristics?
1. hand tools-big jump in thinking
2. Evidence of fire
Homeoergaster characteristics
1. Parabola jaw
2. Face Flatter/brain bigger
Neanderthals
1. Sophisticated tools
2. Culture (Human Behavior)
willdendorf Venus Figurines
found 30 scattered about Europe
Don't know what their about?
Modern charcteristics indicating behavior
1. Deliberate burials
2. repeated association with tools
4 Factors that bring about Evolutionary Change in population
1. Mutation
2. natural Selection
3. Gene flow
4. Gene Drift
Mutation
random change in a genetic code
MUTATION IN SEX CELLS
Natural selection
Filters for mutations
Gene Flow
population that moves you get gene flow
Gene Drift
Small population you get some selective advantage/disadvantage