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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Affine (affinity):
a person’s relatives through marriage. For example, one’s mother-in-law or brother-in-law.
relationship between a person and his or her mother’s brother (MB) in which that person is subject to the MB’s authority and indulgence and may inherit his property or position. This is found in matrilineal societies.
residence established with or near the husband’s maternal uncle.
Bilateral (or Ambilineal or Cognatic):
descent traced through both females and males.
The groom resides with the bride's family for a period of time, working for the family. This is most common among bands, such as the San of the Kalahari. It reinforces reciprocal relationships between the groom's and bride's bands.
Bridewealth (or Brideprice):
marriage payment where property transfers from the groom's kin to the bride's kin (not to the bride) as compensation for her. This occurs in societies where the woman's economic contribution to the family is considered important. It is widespread in Africa.
Complimentary Filiation:
the rights, obligations, and relationships with the maternal line in patrilineal societies or the paternal line in matrilineal societies.
Consanguine (Consanguinity):
relatives through biological ties.
children of mother’s brothers and father’s sisters. See parallel cousins.
the principles that govern transmission of kin membership. For example, in societies with bilateral descent, a person is considered a member of both the mother’s and father’s kin group.
Double Descent:
descent traced through some relations in the patriline and with others in the matriline.
marriage payment where property passes from the bride's kin to the bride herself or to the new couple.
obligation to marry within one’s specified group or category. For example, a religion may require that it’s members only marry within the religious faith.
obligation to marry outside of a specified group or category. For example, some culture’s may require that it’s members marry outside their particular village.
Fictive Kinship:
forms of social relationships modeled on, but set apart from, natural kinship relations.
Joking Relationships:
ritualized joking between certain categories of kin.
marriage rule in which a man is required or has the right to marry his deceased brother’s wife. See sororate.
a group tracing descent from a known common ancestor.
institution establishing family relations.
Matrilineal (or Uterine):
descent traced through females.
Matrilocal (or Uxorilocal):
establishing residence with or near the wife’s family.
marriage rule permitting only one spouse for both men and women.
residence established separately from either spouse’s families.
Parallel Cousins:
children of father’s brothers and mother’s sisters. See cross-cousins.
Patrilineal (or Agnatic):
descent traced through males.
Patrilocal (or Virilocal):
establishing residence with or near the husband’s family.
plural marriage in which the wife may have more than one husband.
plural marriage. Either a man or a woman may marry more than one spouse.
plural marriage in which the husband may have more than one wife.
rule defining where a married couple will locate its household.
marriage rule in which a man is required or has the right to marry his deceased wife’s sister. See levirate.