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15 Cards in this Set

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What are the different constraints on adaptation?
*Correlated characters
*Disequilibrium
*Genetic drift & Fixation
*Local vs optimal
*Laws of physics
What are the different concepts about how species boundaries are maintained and what are the speciation processes that are associated with each of these concepts?
*Biological Concept = Allopatric Speciation
*Ecological Concept = Parapatric/Sympatric Speciation
What are the different processes through which individual organisms can come to share similar traits?
*Homologous Traits
*Analogous Traits
What is the main difference between New World monkeys and Old World monkeys?
*Old World Monkeys = 2123
*New World Monkeys = 2133
*New World Monkeys = Prehensile tails
Prosimians
*Nocturnal
*Solitary
*Claws
*Well Developed Sense of Smell
Marmosets
*New World Monkey
*Small bodied
*Polyandrous
Tamarins
*New World Monkey
*Small bodied
*Helps care for young
Owl Monkeys
*New World Monkey
*Small bodied
*Nocturnal
Howler and Spdier Monkeys
*New World Monkey
*Cebid
*Prehensile Tail
Langurs and Colobus Monkeys
*Old World Monkey
*Colobine
*One-male, multi-female groups
*Territorial
*Folivorous
Savannah Baboons, Vervet Monkeys, and Macaques
*Old World Monkey
*Cercopithecines
*Multi-male, multi-female groups
*Female-bonded
*Varied diet (mainly fruit)
Gibbons
*Lesser Ape
*Pair-bonded
*Frugivore
*Arboreal
*Territorial
Orangutans
*Great Ape
*Arboreal
*Solitary
*Frugivorous
Gorillas
*Great Ape
*One male, multi-female
*Vegetarian
*Close mother-infant bond
*Territorial
Chimpanzees & Bonobos
*Great Ape
*Multi-male, Multi-female
*Male-bonded
*Strong mother-infant bond
*Males cooperate
*Use tools
*Eat meat