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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the capacity for an individual to control others' behavior
the capacity for an individual to control others' behavior by way of nonviolent means--like using their honor, status, etc.
what people think of someone who has power
material manifestation of power
political ideaology
the political beliefs that unite a country.
rebel against..
a group
revolt against..
an entire country.
political process
how we use power to achieve public goals. Hunt-gather societies (where so much depends on luck) often have leaders with supernatural powers. Here, not so much.
social differentiation, and the 3 kinds
The relative access to material resources. Can be egalitarian society (hunt/gather), rank society (hort), or stratified (us)
egalitarian society characteristics
usually organized into tribes or bands. Everybody has access to basic resources. No shortage of positions--you can have many medicine men.
characteristics of bands
Bands are small, 20-50 members in nuclear families. Membership is flexable, decisions made by consensus. You punish people by forcing them to leave. Prestige will be age and knowledge. Social order is usually informal, by shaming. Violence isn't collective.
characteristics of tribes
Made up of people from same ancestor. Lots of warfare. Usually pastoral or hort. People are united via age set. No centralized governments, but may have bigmen, a position that's not handed down.
Age set
Group of people all the same age who go through life stages together.
Age grade
society where social status determined by age.
characteristics of rank societies
Rank societies don't deny resources, but do allot them depending on who you are. Usually pastoral/hort. May have slaves, but aren't treated like inferior people. Tend to be organized into chiefdoms.
characteristics of stratified societies
They're like us. People are regularly denied resources. Can be open system (stratified by class. achieved status) or closed (stratified by caste. ascribed status.). Tend to be organized into states, with a monopoly on use of force.
the reason for social stratification
functional theory: people get what they deserve
conflict theory: the rich take it all.
India's 4 Varna and the 5th
Brahmin, Kshatryas, vaisyas, shudras, and untouchables (harijans/dalits)
ethnicity is..
perceived differences inside of a culture or a nation
how to understand ethnicity, 2 views
essentialist: we're born into it.
constructed: it changes over time
a system of beliefs that deals with fundamental questions in religious and social order
looking like humans
looking like animals
acting like humans
a god
a named spirit that created or controls part of the world.
religious power or energy
the 3 stages of the rite of passage
separation from old state, liminal (limbo), then reincorporation into new state. In liminal, you form comunitas w/ others like you and often have antistructure (role reversal).
rite of intensification
helps group unity. can be connected w/ totems
means for controlling the supernatural
prayer, sacrifice, and magic, which can be imitative (voodoo doll) or contageous
trying to get info from a god.
the difference between shaman and priest
shamans are part-time, chosen by gods. Priests are full-time and specially trained. Priests usually associated w/ religion that has one main god.