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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is linguistic anthropology?
the study of language in social and cultural contexts.
What is historical linguistics?
The reconstruction of ancient languages by comparing to contemporary descendents.
Three faces of language
context
meaning
expression
Phonology
the study of speech sounds (structure)
Morphology
study of forms in which sounds combine to form morphemes- words and parts
Lexicon
dictionary containing morphemes and meanings
syntax
arrangement and order of words
"Universal Grammar"
Noam Chomskey
brain has limited set of rules for organizing languages so all languages have same structure.
all humans have some linguistic ability
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
different languages hace different ways of thiingking
Pidgin
a language that is created so that 2 unintelligible speechs can communicate (arose in trade centers)
NO NATIVE SPEAKERS
Creole
when a pidgin becomes a mother tounge
Features of language
Arbitrainess
Displacement
Productivity
Learnability and transmission
Arbitrainess
features of language have no direct relation to meaning but are agreed-on symbols
Displacement
the ability to talk about things not present
Productivity
ability to produce new expressions
Learnability and transmission
transmitted through learning from generation to generation
Characteristics of animal call systems
Limited number of sounds
Sounds are produced as response to stimuli
Kinesics
the study of communication through movements, stances, and gestures
Proxemics
the study of the effect and degree of spatial separation of individuals and how it varies across cultures
language vs. communication systems
Displacement stimuli-dependent
Productivity limited # of calls
Cultural Transmission no combo of calls
species specific
Sociolinguistics
investigates how language differs across class, gender, culture
Women in Conversation
ask questions
less forceful
you and we
eye contact
relax around women
uptight around men
Men in conversation
interupt and challenge
delayed response
control topic and conversation
forceful
no eye contact
relaxed stance
What does forensic anthropology mean?
anthropologists help law enforcement agencies identify human remains.
Deomographics
sex, age, population, stature, cause of death
Osteology
study of bones
Osteometry
measuring of bones
Histology
study of tissue at cellular level
Pathology
study of diseases
Comparitive anatomy
knowing the differece between human and non-human bones
knowledge and skills of forensic anthropologists
archaeology
osteology
osteometry
record keeping and photographing
histology
pathology
comparative anatoy
Subpubic angle
Men: less than 90 degrees
Women: more than 90 degrees
Pubic Shape
Men: triangle
Women: rectangle
Sacrum
Men: small and curved
Women: large and straight
Greater Sciatic Notch (thumb)
Men: deep and narrow
Women: shallow and wide
mastoid process
Men: large and blunt
Women: small and sharp
Frontal Bone
men: sloped
woment: elevated
Supraorbital rim
men: rounded
women: sharp
external occipital pruteburance
Men: well developed
Women: abscent
Dental Eruption
reliable until 15 years old
epiphyseal fusion
bone growth
Pubic Symphyseal Face
billowing among youth
Climate
winter from Sept.-May
Summer at Norway House
gathered at fort
Winter at Norway House
dispersed
SEIR Model
Susceptible (agents at risk of infection)
Exposed (agents are infected, not infectious)
Infected (agents who aer infected and infectious)
Recovered (agents who have recovered)
Three Basic Components of Agent-based Model
Agents - people
Environment - landscape
Rules of Behavior - for agents and environment
Parameters
population
contact between people
movement
disease
Discriptive Linguistics
study of the structure of language and specific variations among languages
Congnates
words that are similar in two or more languages as a result of common descent
Jargon
vocab of a special group
slang
vocab of a fad