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13 Cards in this Set

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state
has a central government and division of society into classes
what was the earliest known town?
Jericho
egalitarian society
lacks status distinction except for based on age, gender, skills
ranked societies
tend to be ranked by genealogical distance from the chief
chiefdoms
societies in which relations among villages and individuals were unequal, some type of leader
primary states
states that arose on their own and not through contact with other states
cuneiform
"wege" writing,started on mesopotamia, 5600 BP
metallurgy
knowlege of the properties of metal
example of an early state
indus river valley (Harrapa)
first chinese state
3750 BP Shang Dynasty
mayan decline
over farming--erosion, civilization currently is dealing with the same problem, skulls show malnutrition
mesopotamia decline
change in climate, in tree rings
anasaizi decline
salinization