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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
personality
distinctive way individual thinks feels and behaves
psychological anthropologists
diff btw and within societies
aspects of personality common in population
cross-cultural psychologists
study people in two or more societies
4 main questions
to what extent do all human beings develop psychologically in the same ways?
if there are differences what are they and what may account for them?
how do people in different societies concieve of personality and psychological development?
what kinds of cultural variation might be explained by psychological factors
pidgets theory(stages)
sensorimotor(birth-2 yrs)
preoperational(2-6 yrs)
concrete-operational(7-11 yrs)
formal-operational(12+)
conservation
• Understand properties of an object (quantity, weight and volume) remain the same when divided into smaller sections or moved to different container
reversability
• Being able to visualize the divided pieces as one(pizza)
Abram Kardiner
 Primary institutions
 Secondary institutions
• family organization, subsistence- create personality
• art, religion- shaped by this personality
yanomamo
aggressive
semai
timid/dont display anger
agression
has to be qualified/time and frequency
universals
culture
language
incest taboos
marriage
religion
margaret mead
Studied adolescent girls in Samoa 1920s
No stress with puberty as in United States
No emotional upheaval and rebelliousness
questionable if development same in all societies
critics-Freeman
Malinowski
Trobriand Islands

Freud’s “Oedipus complex” not valid

Matrilineal societies
•uncle (mother’s brother) authority
Boys hostile to uncle
Child-Rearing Explanations
socialization and encuturation are the same=
learn thru observation

how much are they held?
where do they sleep?
punishments/rewards?
response to crying or misbehavior?
cramped quarters increases aggression
Hunter and gatherers
Stress self-reliance
Agriculturalists
Stress cooperation
Perception
Peoples perceptions selected for adaptations?
Field independence
•isolated part of situation from whole
•hunters - find animals, raised to be self-reliant
Field dependence
•focus on the whole
•agricultural and herders compliant