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54 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is: inflammation of the meibomian glands with thickening of the secretions.
What is: a staph infection of a gland of Zeiss or Moll, "stye". This is a white bump on the lid that hurts. tenderness is localized.
External hordeolum
What is: staph infection of a meibomian gland? This hurts. You can see pus coming out of the gland and through the conj when the lid is flipped.
Internal hordeolum
What is: a granuloma of a meibomian gland or gland of Zeiss? This may follow an internal hordeolum. No reddness, no tenderness--feels hard.
What is: -lids dont close all of the way. This causes dry eye especially in the lower conj.
What is: eyelid turned in toward globe? the margin is turned inward.
What is: Lower eyelid not opposed to globe.
What is: a baggy eyelid skin that may pull eyelids down. (upper lid into line of sight, lower lid away from eye.)
what does H-ABCs stand for?
H-history and hair
A- asymmetry and avascular
B-borders and bleeding
C- color and changes
What is: an infection and colonization of the lashes by staph? Manifests with crust and flakes and collaretes....
Staph blepharitis
What is: misdirected lashes rubbing against the globe? FBS made worse when blinking.
trichiasis. (FYI: trich means hair in latin)
What is: soft greasy scales on lashes and lid margin, lashes are greasy and stick together.
seborrheic blepharitis
What is: atopic blepharitis associated with?
What is: blood vessels growing onto the cornea at the level of bowman's mambrane.
What is: a wing-shaped fold of fibrovascular tissue arising from the interpalpebral conjunctiva and extending onto the cornea. Bilateral.
What is stocker's line?
The iron line that appears after a clear space at the head of a pterygium.
What is: stromal lipid deposition? Appears white or blue in the eye. You will see a whitish corneal ring with a clear zone separating it from the limbus.
What can cause arcus?
aging, hyperlipidemia and high cholesterol
What is: limbal degeneration, subepithelial deposits of hyaline degeneration and elatosis peripheral to where bowmans membrane ends? You will see narrow cresents of chalk-like flecks at the nasal and temporal limbus, does not progess.
limbal girdle of Vogt
What is: pinpoint corneal epithelial defects?
What is: a loss of corneal epithelium?
corneal abrasion
What is: a collection of white blood cells within the corneal stroma?
Corneal infiltrate
What is: bacterial infection of the cornea, most common cause of infectious corneal ulcers. (assume a corneal ulcer is this until proven otherwise by lab results)
Bacterial corneal ulcer
What is: mushroom-shaped bumps of descemets that occur along with a decrease in number and flattening of endothelial cells?
What is: a vertical band of pigment on the corneal endothelium?
Krukenberg's spindle
What is: lipid deposits, abnormal elastic fibers, degenerated collegan fibers, sometimes calcification? You will see a whitish lesion, slighty raised or flat, adjacent to the limbus but NOT involving the cornea. Bilateral
What is: benign pigment within the bulbar conj epithelium? You will see bilateral flat brown pigment scattered throughout. Stable. This can move with a cotton swab.
Conj epithelial melanosis
What looks like melanosis, but is mostly unilateral? This has small cysts within it.
a conj nevus
What is: red eye b/c of engorged/inflamed conj vessels?
What is: swelling of the bulbar conj? You will see injection with this.
What is: an excretion of mucous and pus in response to a bacterial ocular surface infection. You will see yellow/green discharge.
Mucopurulent discharge
What is: hyperplasia of lymphoid tissues in the bulbar conj?
What is: hyperplastic palpebral conj epithelium?
What is inflammation of the episclera? Upon instillation of phenylephrine these vessels will blanch.
What is: inflammation of the sclera? May have severe boring eye pain. Can not be moved with swab and vessels dont blanch.
What is: a localized swelling of iris stroma? Brown pigment on iris <3mm diameter. avascular and does not grow.
Iris nevus
What is: remnants of the tunica vasculosa lentis?
What is: abnormal new blood vessels ont he surface of the iris?
What is the ability to see red reflex through the iris with retroilumination through the iris pupil.
Iris transillumination
What is: adhesion of the iris at the pupillary margin to the anterior lens capsule?
Posterior synechia
What is: adhesion of the peripheral iris to the peripheral corneal endothelium?
anterior synechia
What is: intraocular inflammation that causes uveal vessels to vasodilate and stuff to leak out?
Cell and Flare
What is "cell"
White blood cells
What is "flare"
What is: white blood cellsthat have settled in the inferior anterior chamber b/c of gravity?
What is: red blood cells that have settled in the inferior anterior chamber b/c of gravity?
What is: (in the lens..) older fibers in the nucleus degenerate and cells membranes dissolve?
Nuclear sclerosis
The ________ Y-suture is upright.
The posterior Y-suture is_____.
What is: lens cortex electrolyte imbalance--(normally low Na, high K in the lens). Opacification of the lens.
Coritcal spoking
What is: a lens electrolyte imbalance of high Na and low K (the reverse of cortical spoking)
a cortical cataract (This increases membrane permeability and hydration of cortex)
What is: posterior migration and proliferation of cells on the posterior capsule of the lens. This is less common than cortical or nuclear. It looks like the surface of the moon through the slit lamp. You can get this from steroid use or diabetes, uveitis, trauma or radiation.
Posterior subcapsular cataract
What is: a splitting of the iris from the ciliary body at the root secondary to blunt trauma. You will see a black D-shaped area where the iris is ripped away from ciliary body.
What is: a tumor in the anterior chamber angle, it may be benign or malignant. The patient may have a history of cancer elsewhere (breast cancer or lung cancer). May have a missphapen pupil.
Angle Tumors