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40 Cards in this Set

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In the latent phase in the first stage of labor, cervical dialation is from _______.
0-3 cm
In the active phase of the first stage of labor, cervical dialation is from _______.
4-7 cm
In the transition phase of the first stage of labor, cervical dialation is from ______.
8-10 cm
During the active phase of the first stage of labor, what is the nursing role?
stay at bedside, encourage breathing techniques
How often should FHR be checked during active phase in first stage of labor?
Q15min
How often should BP be checked during active phase in first stage of labor?
Q30min
When is the second stage of labor?
from when the cervix is fully dialated to the birth of the fetus
When is the third stage of labor?
Birht of the fetus until the placenta is delivered
When is the fourth stage of labor?
1-2 hours after the expulsion of the placenta
During the fourth stage of labor how often do you assess mom?
Q15min for 1 hour then Q30min for 2 hours
When the fetus is showing decels what should the nurse do?
change maternal position, administer O2 @ 8-10L, discontinue pit if necessary
What do early decls typically indicate?
head compression
What do late decels typically indicate?
placentl insufficiency, hypoxia
What is tocolytic therapy?
Stos labor and allows uterus to rest
How should a mom push out the baby?
Open glottis
What is the nitrozine test?
ph paper that turns blue to indicate amniotic fluid
Ritgen maneuver is used for what?
getting the shoulders of the baby out
What is lightening?
between 38-40 weeks, fundal height drops
What is quickening?
maternal perception of fetal movement between 16-20 weeks
Hegar sign
softening and compressibility of lower uterine segment at 6 weeks gestation
Goodell sign
softening of the arvical tip
Chadwick sign
violet-bluish vaginal mucosa
Ballottement
palpating the fetus and it moves away and returns, done between 16-18 weeks
What is the function of folic acid?
prevent neural tube defects
What is Nagel's rule
subtract 3 months and add 1 week
Wha is the treatment of a boggy uterus?
empty bladder and massage uterus
What is the normal physiological response to pregnancy?
Lowered hemoglobin and hematocrit
What is the normal levels for an H:H
12-17:35-45%
When is an amnio done?
14-16 weeks
If an amnio is done in the 3rd trimester what is it for?
test lung maturity
When is a CVS done?
10-13 weeks
Why is a CVS done?
done to decide if there are problems that a mom would want to terminate pregnancy
If a fetal fibronectin test is positive what does it indicate?
more likely to have premature labor
What is CMV like in the mom?
bad cold but life threatening to baby
What are the certain reasons for a C-section?
Herpes and placenta previa
What are the side effects of dilauded?
itching
When does vernix develop?
6 months
What is the main disadvantage of intrathecal epidurals?
decreased duration for effectiveness
AFP is done to detect what?
NTD
When is an AFP done?
14-34 weeks