Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/31

Click to flip

31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Subepithelial electron dense humps and nephritic syndrome..?
Post strep glomerulonephritis
Nodular glomerulosclerosis (Kimmelstiel-Wilson disease).?
Diabetic nephropathy
This disease with chronic antigenic stimulation can cause mesangial amyloid nodules...?
TB
Arteriolonephrosclerosis...?
Systemic 'benign' hypertension
This lesion contains embryonic glomerular and tubular structures...?
Wilms tumor
Diffuse cortical necrosis is usually seen in the setting of...?
DIC
Deposition of immune complexes on the epithelial side of the glomerular BM?
Post strep glomerulonephritis
Onion skinning renal arterioles...?
Hyperplastic arteriolosclerosis
Frothy white foam on top of urine sample?
Protein
Henoch-Schonlein purpura show which immunoglobulin deposits...?
IgA
Vasculitis that occurs in Jewish smokers
Buerger's
Lipoid nephrosis aka..?
Minimal change disease
IV drug abus or HIV nephropathy are associated with which glomerular condition?
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
Sickle cell and the kidney?
Focal occlusions of the vasa recta (hypoxic milieu of the renal medulla)
Strict vegetarianism could result in which kidney stones?
Calcium oxalate
Ovoid, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-positive, hyaline masses
Kimmelstiel-Wilson nodule of diabetic glomerulosclerosis
T or F? Consumption of complement factors can be observed in membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis?
True
Lymphokine production by
T cells - suspected etiology of which glomerular disease?
Minimal change disease
Anti-glomerular basement membrane diseases
Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, Goodpasture's
2 principal causes of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis
Anti-GBM disease and primary systemic vasculitis (wegener's, Churg-Strauss, etc.)
T or F? Pregnant women have increased circulating plasma volume and decreased GFR
False. GFR is also increased
How to calculate the amount of sodium filtered per day?
GFR x Plasma sodium concentration
T or F? The early distal tubule is the diluting segment...
True
This drug has a dramatic decrease in bioavailability when taken with antacids...?
Ofloxacin
Which site in the kidney has a brush border?
PCT
Which antibiotics have been associated with the development of arthropathy, myalgias, and leg cramps in kids?
Fluoroquinolones
Most water reabsorption occurs in which part of the kidney tubule?
PCT
Ureter is anterior to which vessel as it crosses the pelvic brim?
External iliac artery
What type of diuretic should be used in a patient with a very low creatinine clearance?
Loop diuretic
Which diuretics are contraindicated in renal failure?
Potassium sparing diuretics
Dipstick test for nitrites tests for what...?
Gram negative enteric rods