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38 Cards in this Set

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A SENTENCE IS A GROUP OF WORDS THAT EXPRESSES A _____?
A COMPLETE THOUGHT
A SENTENCE ALWAYS HAS:
A SUBJECT AND A PREDICATE
A FRAGMENT IS:
A SEPARATE SENTENCE PART THAT DOES NOT EXPRESS A COMPLETE THOUGHT.
THE SUBJECT IS:
WHAT (OR WHOM) THE SENTENCE IS ABOUT.
THE PREDICATE TELLS:
something about the subject.
ONE WAY TO CORRECT A FRAGMENT IS:
REJOIN IT TO THE SENTENCE FROM WHICH IT HAS BEEN SEPERATED.
A 2ND WAY TO CORRECT A FRAGMENT IS:
ADD THE MISSING SUBJECT, PREDICATE,OR OTHER WORDS THAT WILL MAKE THE FRAGMENT A COMPLETE THOUGHT
SENTENCES HAVE 4 PURPOSES:
1. TO TELL
2. TO ASK
3. TO REQUEST
4. TO SHOW STRONG FEELING
THERE ARE 4 TYPES OF SENTENCES
1. DECLARATVE SENTENCE
2. AN IMPERATIVE SENTENCE
3. AN INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE
4. AN EXCLAMATORY SENTENCE
A DECLARATIVE SENTENCE DOES WHAT?
MAKES A STATEMENT
A IMPERATIVE SENTENCE DOES WHAT?
GIVES A COMMAND OR MAKES A REQUEST.
AN INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE DOES WHAT?
ASKS A QUESTION
AN EXCLAMATORY SENTENCE DOES WHAT?
SHOWS SUDDEN OR STRONG FEELINGS
WHAT ARE THE SENTENCE PARTS?
1. THE COMPLETE SUBJECT
2. THE SIMPLE SUBJECT
3. THE COMPLETE PREDICATE
4. THE SIMPLE PREDICATE OR
VERB
5. A VERB PHRASE
THE COMPLETE SUBJECT OF A SENTENCE IS:
THAT PART ABOUT WHICH SOMETHING IS SAID.
THE SIMPLE SUBJECT IS:
THE MAIN WORD OR GORUP OF WORDS IN THE COMPLETE SUBJECT
THE COMPLETE PREDICATE OF A SENTENCE IS:
THE PART THAT SAYS SOMETHING ABOUT THE SUBJECT.
THE SIMPLE PREDICATE OR VERT IS:
THE MAIN WORD OR GROUP OF WORDS IN THE COMPLETE PREDICATE.
A VERB PHRASE IS:
A MAIN VERB AND ITS HELPING VERBS.
HOW DO YOU FIND THE SUBJECT OF A SENTENCE?
FIRST FIND THE VERB.
2ND THEN ASK WHO OR WHAT BEFORE THE VERB.
HOW DO YOU FIND THE VERB OF A SENTENCE?
LOOK FOR/FIND A WORD THAT A WORD TAHT SHOWS ACTION.
WHAT ARE THE HELPING - LINKING STATE OF BEING VERBS
AM WERE
IS BE
ARE BEING
WAS BEEN
WHAT ARE THE ACTION HELPING VERBS?
HAVE DO
HAS DOES
HAD DID
WHAT ARE THE HELPING VERBS?
SHALL MAY
WILL MIGHT
SHOULD MUST
WOULD CAN
COULD
WHAT ARE THE ACTION-LINKING VERBS?
TASTE BECOME
FEEL SEEM
SMELL GROW
SOUND REMAIN
LOOK STAY
APPEAR
WHAT IS A NORMAL SENTENCE?
WHEN THE SUBJECT OF A SENTENCE COMES BEFORE THE PREDICATE.
WHAT IS AN INVERTED SENTENCE?
WHEN THE VERB OR ANY PART OF THE PREDICATE COMES BEFORE THE SUBJECT.
WHEN DOES AN INVERTED ORDER OCCUR?
IT USUALLY OCCURS IN INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES AND IN SENTENCES BEGINNING WITH THERE.
DO SENTENCES EVER BEGIN WITH THE WORD THERE?
NO!
WHAT IS THE SUBJECT OF AN IMPERATIVE SENTENCE?
IT IS UNDERSTOOD TO BE THE WORD YOU.
A WRITER'S TOOL IS:
THE SENTENCE DIAGRAM
WHAT DOES THE SENTENCE DIAGRAM DO?
IT IS USED TO DETECT IF A SENTENCE HAS ANY STRUCTURAL PROBLEMS.
HOW DO YOU DIAGRAM A SENTENCE?
1. DRAW A HORIZONTAL LINE DIVIDED BY A SHORT VERTICAL LINE
2. PUT THE VERB TO THE RIGHT OF THE VERTICAL LINE
3. PUT THE SUBJECT TO THE LEFT.
WHAT IS A COMPOUND SUBJECT?
A SUBJECT THAT CONSISTS OF TWO OR MORE SUBJECT CONNECTED BY AND, OR, OR NOR.
WHAT IS A COMPOUND VERB?
A VERB THAT CONSISTS OF TWO OR MORE VERBS CONNECTED BY AND, OR, NOR, OR BUT
WHAT IS A COMPOUND SENTENCE?
A SENTENCE CONNTAINING TOW OR MORE SIMPLE SENTENCES, USUALLY CONNECTED BY AND, BUT, OR, NOR, FOR OR YET.
WHAT IS A RUN-ON SENTENCE?
TWO OR MORE SIMPLE SENTENCES WRITTEN INCORRECTLY AS ONE SENTENCE.
WHAT IS A RUN TOGETHER SENTENCE?
A POORLY WRITTEN SENTENCE CONTAINING TOO MANY IDEAS, JOINED BY AND, ANDSO, AND THEN.