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14 Cards in this Set

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MORTISE
(CATEGORY-ANKLE JOINT)
HOLE OR GROOVE WHERE SOMETHING FITS TO FORM A JOINT
TARSUS
(CATEGORY-ANKLE JOINT)
*POSTERIOR HALF OF FOOT

*CONTAINS 7 BONES (TARSALS)
TALUS (ANKLE)
(CATEGORY-ANKLE JOINT)
ARTICULATES WITH THE TIBIA AND FIBULA SUPERIORLY (AT THE TROCHLEA OF THE TALUS) AND THE CALCONEUS INFERIORLY
CALCANEOUS (HEEL BONE)
(CATEGORY-ANKLE JOINT)
FORMS THE HEEL OF THE FOOT; ARTICULATES WITH THE TALUS MEDIALLY BY A SHELFLIKE PROJECTION.

***THE SUSTENTACULUM TALI (SUPPORTER OF THE TALUS) OR TALAR SHELF; TOUCHES THE GROUND THROUGH THE CALCANEALTUBEROSITY
CUBOID (CUBE SHAPED)
(CATEGORY-ANKLE JOINT)
LOCATED LATERALLY
NAVICULAR (BOATLIKE)
(CATEGORY-ANKLE JOINT)
LOCATED MEDIALLY
CUNEIFORMS (WEDGE SHAPED)
(CATEGORY-ANKLE JOINT)
3 BONES (MEDIAL, INTERMEDIATE, AND LATERAL) LOCATED ANTEROMEDIALLY
METATARSUS
(CATEGORY-THE FOOT)
*ANTERIOR HALF OF THE FOOT

* CONSISTS OF 5 LONG BONES (METATARSALS) NUMBERED 1 TO 5 BEGINNING ON THE MEDIAL SIDE

*ARTICULATES WITH THE PHALANGES DISTALLY

* FIRST METATARSAL AT THE BASE OF THE BIG TOE IS THE LARGEST; SUPPORTS THE WEIGHT OF THE BODY; ITS HEAD FORMS THE "BALL OF THE FOOT"
PHALANGES
(CATEGORY-THE FOOT)
* SMALLER THAN THOSE OF THE FINGERS

*3 PHALANGES IN EACH DIGIT EXCEPT FOR THE GREAT TOE (HALLUX) WHICH HAS ONLY 2
MUSCLES OF THE ANTERIOR COMPARTMENT OF THE LEG
(CATEGORY-MUSCLES OF THE LEG)
* MUSCLES OF THE ANTERIOR COMPARTMENT (INNERVATED BY THE DEEP FIBULAR NERVE)

*TIBALIS ANTERIOR---PRIME MOVER OF DORSIFLEXION; INVERTS THE FOOT

* EXTENSOR DIGITORUM LONGUS-PRIME MOVER OF TOE EXTENSION; DORSIFLEXES FOOT

*FIBULARIS (PERONEOUS) TERTIUS-DORSIFLEXES AND EVERTS FOOT

*EXTENSOR HALLUCIS LONGUS-EXTENDS GREAT TOE; DORSIFLEXES FOOT
MUSCLES OF THE LATERAL COMPARTMENT
(CATEGORY--MUSCLES OF THE LEG)
INNERVATED BY THE SUPERFICIAL FIBULAR NERVE

*FIBULARIS (PERONEOUS) LONGUS--PLANTAR FLEXES END EVERTS FOOT; HELPS KEEP FOOT FLAT ON THE GROUND

*FIBULARIS (PERONEOUS) BREVIS--PLANTAR FLEXES AND EVERTS FOOT
MUSCLES OF THE POSTERIOR (TIBIAL NERVE) COMPARTMENT: DEEP MUSCLES

(CATEGORY-MUSCLES OF THE LEG)
SUPERFICIAL MUSCLES:

*GASTROCNEMIUS--PLANTAR FLEXES FOOT WHEN KNEE IS EXTENDED; CAN FLEX KNEE WHEN FOOT IS DORSIFLEXED

*SOLEUS--PLANTAR FLEXES FOOT

* PLANTARIS--ASSISTS IN PLANTAR FLEXION OF FOOT AND KNEE FLEXION
MUSCLES OF THE POSTERIOR COMPARTMENT: DEEP MUSCLES

(CATEGORY: MUSCLES OF THE LEG)
DEEP MUSCLES:

*POPLITEUS--FLEXES AND ROTATES LEG MEDIALLY TO UNLOCK KNEE FROM FULL EXTENSION WHEN FLEXION BEGINS; ROTATES THIGH LATERALLY WHEN TIBIA IS FIXED

*FLEXOR DIGITORUM LONGUS--PLANTAR FLEXES AND INVERTS FOOT; FLEXES TOES; HELPS FOOT GRIP THE GROUND

*FLEXOR HALLUCIS LONGUS--PLANTAR FLEXES AND INVERTS FOOT; FLEXES GREAT TOE'S PUSH OFF MUSCLE DURING WALKING

*TIBIALIS POSTERIOR---PRIME MOVER OF FOOT INVERSION; PLANTAR FLEXES FOOT; STABILIZES MEDIAL LONGITUDINAL ARCH OF FOOT
NERVES OF THE LEG

(CATEGORY-NERVES OF THE LEG)
***TIBIAL NERVE--SUPLLIES ALMOST ALL THE MUSCLES IN THE POSTERIOR REGION OF THE LOWER LIMB AND SUPPLIES CUTANEOUS TO --- SOLE OF THE FOOT, AND VERTICAL STRIP.

***COMMON FIBULAR NERVE: SUPERFICIAL FIBULAR (PERONEAL) NERVE. SUPPLIES THE FIBULAR MUSCLES OF THE LATERAL COMPARTMENT OF THE LEG AND MOST OF THE SKIN ON THE SUPERIOR SURFACE OF THE FOOT.