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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
coordinate covalent bonding
A + :B → A:B
formal charge
group # - (unshared + 1/2*shared)
heterocyclic
cyclic compound in which carbon is not the only element in the "cycle"
alkane
C(n)H(2n+2)
alkene
C(n)H(2n)
alkyne
C(n)H(2n-2)
Name:
CH3CH3Cl
chloroethane (IUPAC)
ethyl chloride (common)
Name:
H2C=CH2
ethene (IUPAC)
ethylene (common)
Name:
CH[triple]CH
ethyne (IUPAC)
acetylene (common)
alcohol
R-OH

"-ol" (IUPAC)
ether
-O-

R-O-R
"ethoxy-" (IUPAC)
Name:
CH3CH2Cl
IUPAC: chloroethane
common: ethyl chloride
Name:
CH3Br
IUPAC: bromomethane
common: methyl bromide
Name:
CH3CH2OH
IUPAC: ethanol
common: ethyl alcohol
Name:
CH3CH2OCH2CH3
IUPAC: ethoxyethane
common: diethyl ether
amine^2
-NH2

R-NH2
"amino-" (IUPAC)
Name:
CH3CH2CH2NH2
IUPAC: 1-aminopropane^3
common: propylamine
quaternary ammonium salt
-NR3+X-

R4N+X-
"ammonium"
Name:
CH3(CH2)9N(CH3)3+Cl-
both: decyltrimethyl-ammonium chloride
aldehyde
-C=O
|
H

R-C=O
|
H

IUPAC: "-al"
Name:
CH3CH2CH=O
|
H
IUPAC: propanal
common: propionaldehyde
ketone
-C=O
|
H

R-C=O
|
H

IUPAC: "-one"
Name:
CH3
|
CH3CH2C=O
IUPAC: 2-butanone
common: methyl ethyl ketone
carboxylic acid
O
||
-C-OH

O
||
R-C-OH

IUPAC: "-oic acid"
Name:
O
||
CH3-C-OH
IUPAC: ethanoic acid
common: acetic acid
ester
O
||
-C-OR'

O
||
R-C-OR'

IUPAC: "-oate"
Name:
O
||
CH3-C-OC2H5
IUPAC: ethyl ethanoate
common: ethyl acetate
amide
O
||
-C-NH2

O
||
R-C-NH2

IUPAC: "-amide"
O
||
CH3-C-NH2
IUPAC: ethanamide
common: acetamide
acid chloride
O
||
-C-Cl

IUPAC: "-oyl chloride"
Name:

O
||
CH3-C-Cl
IUPAC: ethanoyl chloride
common: acetyl chloride
carbene
neutral species having a carbon atom with two bonds and two electrons

2 kinds: singlet and triplet
singlet
carbene in which the two electrons have opposite spins and are paired in one orbital

↑↓
- C -
triplet
carbene in which the two electrons have the same spin and are in different orbitals


-C-