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175 Cards in this Set

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MENETRIER
"Man-at-rear has a lot of mucus, loses a lot of protein"
Peutz-Jaeger
“The putz got hammered while painting. He now has pigment all over his hands, mouth, and genitals.”
CHAGAS
“Oh my! Chuck is trippin on his Carribean cruise and kissing Meg Swallow …..” Trypanosoma cruzii
Megaesophagus, megacolon
Cardiac problems
Chlorambucil treats what?
CLL OrambuCil
in tx of CLL and ovarian carcinoma
characteristics of Sarcoidosis
HUN-PEACH

Hilar adenopathy
Uveitis
Neuropathies
Pulmonary infiltration
Erythema nodosum
Arthritis
Cardiomyopathy
Hypercalcemia
Antiarrhythmic classes....
Ned Baked Kelly's Cake
Causes of Pericarditis
CARDIAC RIND:
Collagen vascular disease
Aortic aneurysm
Radiation
Drugs (such as hydralazine)
Infections
Acute renal failure
Cardiac infarction
Rheumatic fever
Injury
Neoplasms
Dressler's syndrome
female vs male predominance of mitral stenosis vs regurgitation
MS vs MR
Betablockers: cardioselective betablockers
A BEAM
Atenolol
Betaxolol
Esmolol
Acebutelol
Metoprolol
Innervation of SA node
Sympathetic acts on Sodium channels (SS).
Parasympathetic acts on Potassium channels (PS).
When to hear right vs left-sided murmurs...inspiration vs. expiration?
RILE
Causes of aortic regurgitation...
SCREAM

Syphilis
Congenital
Rheumatic damage
Endocarditis
Aortic dissection/ Aortic root dilatation
Marfan's
Causes of Heart Failure
HEART FAILED

Hypertension
Endocrine
Anemia
Rheumatic heart disease
Toxins
Failure to take meds
Arrythmia
Infection
Lung (PE, pneumonia)
Electrolytes
Diet
Causes of secondary nephrotic syndrome
DAVID

Diabetes mellitus
Amyloidosis
Vasculitis
Infections
Drugs
Characteristics of membranous glomerulonephritis..
C.A.T.R.I.N.G.S.

Capillary thickening
Azotemia
Teenagers
Renal vein thrombosis
Immune complexes in intra/epimembranous locations
Nephrotic syndrome
Granular immunofluorescence (IgG or C3)
SLE (10% of SLE patients)
Causes of drug-induced lupus
Q.C.H.I.M.P

Quinidine
Chlorpromazine
Hydralazine
Isoniazid
Methyldopa
Procainamide
Major characteristics of nephritic syndrome
O.H. A.H.
Oliguria
Hypertension
Azotemia
Hematuria
The characteristics of uremia
H.A. I.D.F. B.A.N.A.N.A.

Hypertension
Abnormal fluid volume control
Increased blood potassium
Decreased blood calcium
Fibrinous pericarditis
Bleeding
Anemia
Nitrogen-waste products - azotemia
Acidosis
Neurological disorders
Anorexia
Kartagener's
D.o Cars Sit Helplessly at Bro.ken St.op Si.gns?

Dynein
Kartagener's
Situs inversus
Hearing loss
Bronchiectasis
Sterility
Sinusitis
Causes of interstitial nephritis...
Interstitial Nephritis C.an B.e T.he R.esult O.f S.everal D.rugs, C.onditions

COX inhibitors
Beta lactams
Trimethoprim
Rifampin
Other, idiopathic
Sulfonamides
Diuretics
Captopril
Vascular injury to the anterior spinal artery causes...?
MCHS - Milken Community High School

Medial lemniscus
Corticospinal tract
Hypoglossal
Spinal (anterior) artery
Vascular injury to the PICA (posterior inferior cerebellar artery) causes...?
T.H.I.S. V. 9-11
Trigeminal (spinal tract of V)
Horner's
Inferior cerebellar peduncle
Spinothalamic
Vestibular nucleus
9-11 (loss of these nuclei cause throat problems, loss of gag reflex, etc)
Bugs that don't gram stain well...
T.hese R.ascals M.ay M.icroscopically L.ack C.olor

Treponemes
Rickettsia
Mycobacteria
Mycoplasma
Legionella
Chlamydia
Fermentation patterns of Neisseria
M.eninG.ococci - Maltose and Glucose
G.onococci - Glucose
These organisms have IgA proteases
S.ome H.ow N.o N.eisseria
(Neisseria meningitidis AND gonorrhoeae)
Obligate aerobes
"Nagging Pests Must Breathe"
Nocardia
Pseudomonas
Mycobacterium
Bacillus
Which antibiotics require O2 to enter into bacterial cell?
AminO2glycosides
Intracellular buga
S.ome N.asty B.ugs M.ay L.ive F.acultativeL.Y. + R.C. (obligate)
Salmonella
Neisseria
Brucella
Mycobacterium
Listeria
Francisella
Legionella
Yersinia

Chlamydia, Rickettsia (obligate)
Encapsulated bacteria
S.ome H.ow K.now N.eisseria
Strep pneumo
H flu
Klebsiella
Neisseria meningitidis
Quellung reaction
Swellung - encapsulated bugs swell
Rheumatic fever
"No rheum for S.P.E.C.C.ulation"
Subcutaneous nodules
Polyarthritis
Erythema marginatum
Chorea
Carditis
Perfringens
"PERFringens PERForates a gangrenous leg"
Diptheria and exotoxin
ABCDEFG
ADP ribosylation (by exotoxin inhibits protein synthesis)
Beta-prophage
Corynebacterium
Diphtheriae
Elongation Factor 2
Granules (metachromatic granules seen in these gram-positive rods)
Treatment for actinomyces vs. Nocardia
S.N.A.P.
Sulfa for
Nocardia
Actinomyces, use
Penicillin
Haemophilus influenza
HAEMOP
Hematin (X) and NAD (V) required for culture
Aerosol transmission
Epiglottitis
Meningitis
Otitis media
Pneumonia
Enterobacteriaceae
C.O.F.F.E.E.
Capsular antigen (K)
O antigen
Flagellar (H) antigen
Ferment glucose
Enterobacteriaceae
Endotoxin
Lactose fermenting bugs
"K.E.E.P. fermenting"
Klebsiella
E coli
Enterobacter
Pink colonies on MacConkey's agar
Shigella is transmitted via...
"Food, Fingers, Feces, and Flies"
Pseudomonas...
P.S.E.U.D.O.monas -
Pneumonia
Sepsis
External otitis
UTI
Drug use
Diabetic Osteomyelitis
PATAU
C.H.E.F.S
Cleft lip, palate
Holoprosencephaly
Ears are low set, non-functional (deafness)
Fissures
Small eyes
Chlamydia cycle...
Elementary body
Enters cell via Endocytosis
Reticulate (initial) body
Replicates in cell
Chlamydia types A,B,C
A.frica B.lindness C.hronic infection
Chlamydia type L1-3
L.ymphogranuloma venereum
Spriochetes
B.L.T. B. is B.ig
Borellia (is Big)
Leptospira
Treponema
Lyme disease
B.A.KE. a key lyme pie
Bell's palsy
Arthritis
Kardiac block
Erythema chronicum migrans
FTA-ABS
"Find The Antibody - ABSolutely"
Specific and earliest/longest positive test for treponemes
False positives picked up by VDRL
V.D.R.L.
Viruses (mono, hepatitis)
Drugs
Rheumatic fever, arthritis
Lupus/Leprosy
Morphology of Blastomycosis
Big Broad-Based Budding
Name the dimorphic mycoses
BPH
Blasto
Paracoccidioido
Histo
Name the naked RNA viruses
"Naked CPR"
Calicivirus
Picornavirus
Reovirus
name the DNA viruses
HHAPPPy
Herpes
Hepadna
Naked DNA viruses
"You need to be naked for a PAP smear"
Parvovirus
Adenovirus
Papovavirus
Name the paramyxoviruses
PaRaMyxo
Parainfluenza
RSV
Measles/Mumps
Salk
SalK - Killed
Egg-based viral vaccines
F.R.Y

Flu
mmR
Yellow fever
Segmented viruses
B.O.A.R
Bunya
Orthomyxo
Arena
Reo
Name the picornaviruses
PERCH on "pico"
Poliovirus
Echovirus
Rhinovirus
Coxsackievirus
HAV
Rotavirus
ROTA
"Right Out The Anus"
- major cause of acute diarrhea
Mumps
"makes your balls as big as POM-poms"
Parotitis
Orchitis
Meningitis (aseptic)
Measles syx
4 C's
Cough
Coryza
Conjunctivitis
Coplik spots (Koplik)
Viral genetic shift vs drift
Sudden Shift is more deadly than graDual Drift
Arbovirus
ARthropod-BOrne virus
(think of Paul Bunyan picture)
Name the herpes viruses
"Get herpes in a CHEVrolet"
CMV
HSV
EBV
VZV
Tzanck test
"Tzanck heavens I don't have herpes"
Smear to detect multinucleated giant cells
Hepatitis transmission, epidemiology
Hep A - Asymptomatic, Acute, Alone (no carriers, naked ssRNA)
Hep B - Blood Borne
Hep C - Chronic, Cirrhosis, Carcinoma, Carriers
Hep D - Defective, Dependent on HBV
Hep E - Enteric, Expectant mothers, Epidemics
Hep A and E transmission
"The vowels hit your bowels"
Fecal-oral route
HBeAg
BEware!!
Indicator of transmissibility of HBV
Causes of Osteomyelitis
P.M.S.s.
Pseudomonas (diabetics, drug addicts)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Pott's disease)
Salmonella - sickle cell
Staph aureus
UTI bugs
S.arah P. K.ovnar P.E.E.S.
Serratia (red pigment)
Proteus (swarming on agar, produces urease)
Klebsiella
Pseudomonas (blue-green pigment)
E coli (metallic sheen on EMB)
Enterobacter
Staph saprophyticus
Infections dangerous in pregnancy
ToRCHeS
Toxoplasma
Rubella
CMV
HSV/HIV
Syphilis
Drugs to treat pseudomonas
"T.ake C.are of P.seudomonas"
Ticarcillin
Carbenicillin
Piperacillin
Ampicillin/amoxicillin clinical usage?
"HELPS kill Enterococci"
Haeumophilus influenza
E coli
Listeria
Proteus
Salmonella
enterococci
Which has greater bioavailability, ampicillin or amoxicillin?
amOxicillin
Clinical use of 1st gen cephalosporins
PEcK
Proteus
E coli
Klebsiella
Clinical use of 2nd gen cephalosporins
HEN PEcKS
H flu
Enterobacter
Neisseria
Proteus
E coli
Klebsiella
Serratia
Imipenem is co-administered with...?
"The kill is LASTIN with ciLASTATIN"
Vancomycin toxicities...
F.O.N.T.
Flushing - 'red man syndrome'
Ototoxicity
Nephrotoxicity
Thrombophlebitis
Name the 30S and 50S inhibitors
"buy A.T. 30, CCEL at 50"
30 - Aminoglycosides, Tetracyclines
50 - Chloramphenicol, Clindamycin, Erythromycin, Lincomycin
Aminoglycosides
"mean" G.N.A.T.S. can N.O.T. kill anaerobes
GNATS - agents
Gentamycin
Neomycin
Amikacin
Tobramycin
Streptomycin

NOT - toxicity
Nephrotoxicity
Ototoxicity
Teratogen
Tetracyclines clinical use
VACUUM THe BedRoom
Vibrio
Acne
Chlamydia
Ureaplasma Urealyticum
Mycoplasma pneumo
Tularemia
H pylori
Borrelia
Rickettsia
TMP toxicity
T.M.P - "Treat Marrow Poorly"
Megaloblastic anemia, leukopenia, granulocytopenia
(due to inhibition of bacterial dihydrofolate reductase)
Fluoroquinolones toxicity
fluroquinoLONES hurt attachments to your BONES
Metronidazole use
G.E.T. on the Metro!
Giardia
Entamoeba
Trichomonas
Polymyxins mechanism
MYXins MYX up membranes
Anti-TB drugs
INH-SPIRE
INH - alone for TB prophylaxis
rest used in combo for TB tx
Streptomycin
Pyrazinamide
Isoniazid (INH)
Rifampin
Ethambutol
INH toxicity
I.N.H.
Injures Neurons and Hepatocytes
Rifampin characteristics
4 R's
RNA polymerase inhibitor
Revs up microsomal P450
Red/orange body fluids
Rapid resistance if used alone
Amantadine mechanism, uses
"A man to dine" takes off his coat
Blocks viral penetration/uncoating
Amantadine block influ. A and rubellA and causes problems with the cerebellA
Foscarnet mechanism
pyroFOSphate analog
HIV therapy protease inhibitors
"Navir tease a pro"
[everything that ends in navir]
How to treat onchocerciasis?
rIVER blindness treated with IVERmectin
Antibx to avoid in pregnancy
S.A.F.E M.oms T.ake R.eally
G.ood C.are
Sulfonamides
Aminoglycosides
Fluroquinolones
Erythromycin
Metronidazole
Tetracyclines
Ribavirin
Griseofulvin
Chloramphenicol
Describe Fc fragment of antibodies
C:
Constant
Carboxy terminal
Complement binding (IgG & IgM only)
Carbohydrate side chains
Functions of interleukins
"Few T Bones Eaten At Arbys Need Seasoning Nowadays"
IL 1,2,3,4,5,6,8,10,12
1 - Fever
2 - T cell stimulation
3 - Bone marrow stimulation
4 - IgE production
5 - IgA production
6 - Acute-phase reactant production
8 - Neutrophil attraction
10 - Stimulates Th2
12 - NK cell activation
Classic pathway of complement activated by...
G.M. makes CLASSIC cars
IgG and IgM
Interferon mechanism
INTERFERES with viral protein synthesis
Passive immunity is given for...?
Patients are given preformed antibodies T.o B.e H.ealed R.apidly
Tetanus
Botulinum
HBV
Rabies
Hypersensitivity type I
First and Fast (anaphylaxis)
Hypersensitivity type II
cy-2-toxic
IgM, IgG bind to antigen on 'enemy' cell, leading to lysis or phagocytosis
Hypersensitivity type IV
4th and last - DELAYED
4 Ts
T lymphocytes
Transplant rejections
TB skin tests
Touching (contact dermatitis)
What are the types of hypersensitivity?
A.C.I.D
Type I - Anaphylactic, Atopic
Type II - Cytotoxic
Type III - Immune complex
Type IV - Delayed (cell mediated)
Bruton's agammaglobulinemia
Bacterial infections after 6 months of age
Boys (x-linked)
B cell decreased production
Thymic aplasia
T cell deficiency
Tetany due to hypocalcemia
Wiskott-Aldrich
W.I.P.E.
Wiskott-Aldrich
Infections (pyogenic)
Purpura (Thyombocytopenic)
Eczema
Classic pathway of complement activated by...
G.M. makes CLASSIC cars
IgG and IgM
Interferon mechanism
INTERFERES with viral protein synthesis
Passive immunity is given for...?
Patients are given preformed antibodies T.o B.e H.ealed R.apidly
Tetanus
Botulinum
HBV
Rabies
Hypersensitivity type I
First and Fast (anaphylaxis)
Hypersensitivity type II
cy-2-toxic
IgM, IgG bind to antigen on 'enemy' cell, leading to lysis or phagocytosis
Hypersensitivity type IV
4th and last - DELAYED
4 Ts
T lymphocytes
Transplant rejections
TB skin tests
Touching (contact dermatitis)
What are the types of hypersensitivity?
A.C.I.D
Type I - Anaphylactic, Atopic
Type II - Cytotoxic
Type III - Immune complex
Type IV - Delayed (cell mediated)
Bruton's agammaglobulinemia
Bacterial infections after 6 months of age
Boys (x-linked)
B cell decreased production
Thymic aplasia
T cell deficiency
Tetany due to hypocalcemia
Wiskott-Aldrich
W.I.P.E.
Wiskott-Aldrich
Infections (pyogenic)
Purpura (Thyombocytopenic)
Eczema
HLA B27
PAIR
Psoriasis
Ankylosing spondylitis
Inflammatory bowel disease
Reiter's syndrome
Bethanechol applications
Bowel and Bladder activation (of smooth muscle)
Cholinesterase inhibitor poisoning causes which symptoms?
DUMBBELSS
Diarrhea
Urination
Miosis
Bradycardia
Excitation of skeletal muscle and CNS
Lacrimation
Sweating
Salivation
Atropine effects
"Fucks up D. S.L.U. kids"
Defecation
Salivation
Lacrimation
Urination
Beta 1 selective agents
A BEAM
Acebutolol
Betaxolol
Esmolol
Atenolol
Metoprolol
Lead poisoning
LLEEAADD
Lead
Lines (on gingivae and epiphyses)
Encephalopathy
Erythrocyte basophilic stippling
Abdominal colic
Anemia (sideroblastic)
Drops (wrist and foot)
Dimercaprol/EDTA tx
Lead poisoning tx for kids
"it SUCKS to eat lead"
Succimer
Drugs that can cause photosensitivity
"i S.A.T. for a photo"
Sulfonamides
Amiodarone
Tetracycline
Drugs that cause gynecomastia
"Some Drugs Even Create Awesome Knockers"
Spironolactone
Digitalis
Estrogens
Cimetidine
Alcoholism
Ketoconazole
Drugs that cause an SLE-like syndrome
"it's not HIPP to have lupus"
Hydralazine
INH
Phenytoin
Procainamide
Inducers of P450
Q.ueen B.arb takes P.hen-phen and R.efuses G.reasy C.arbs
Quinidine
Barbiturates
Phenytoin
Rifampin
Griseofulvin
Carbamazepine
Inhibitors of P450
I Saw Katie Couric Eating Seven Grapefruits
Isoniazid (INH)
Sulfonamides
Ketoconazole
Cimetidine
Erythromycin
St. John's wort
Grapefruit juice
Symptoms of neurosyphilis
PARESIS
Personality
Affect
Reflexes are hyper
Eyes - Argyll-Robertson
Sensorium
Intellectual decline
Speech deficiency
right to left shunts
3Ts
Transposition
Tetrology
Truncus arteriosus
Tetrology of Fallot
PROV
Pulmonary stenosis
RVH
Overriding aorta
VSD
Dilated cardiomyopathy etiologies
ABCCCDPH
Alcohol abuse
Beriberi
Coxsackie
Cocaine
Chagas
Doxorubicin toxicity
Peripartum cardiomyopathy
Hemochromatosis
ACE inhibitor side effects
CAPTOPRIL
Cough
Angioedema
Proteinuria
Taste changes
hypOtension
Pregnancy problems
Rash
Increased renin
Lower AII
RA extra articular manifestations
PAV PLAN

Pericardial effusions
Anemia of chronic disease
Vasculitis

Pulmonary involvement
Lymphadenopathy
Amyloidosis
Neurologic abnormalities
Felty syndrome (this isn't a mnemonic)
Splenomegaly
Neutropenia
RA
Causes of hypercalcemia
CHIMPANZEES
Calcium ingestion (milk-alkali)
Hyperthyroidism
Iatrogenic (thiazides)
Multiple Myeloma
Paget's disease
Addison's
Neoplasia
Zollinger Ellison
Excess Vit D
Excess Vit A
Sarcoidosis
Secondary hyperparathyroidism syx
Stones, bones, and groans
Phospholipase A2 produces...?
Arachidonic acid
Causes of acute pancreatitis?
GET SMASHeD
Gallstones
Ethanol
Trauma

Steroids
Mumps
Autoimmune disease
Scorpion sting
Hypercalcemia/hyperlipidemia
Drugs (sulfa
Causes of eosinophilia?
NAACP
Neoplasia
Asthma
Allergic processes
Collagen vascular disease
Parasites
Cancers with psammoma bodies
PSaMMoma
Papillary cancer - thyroid
Serous - ovary
Meningioma
Mesothelioma
heterocyclic antidepressants
you need BUtane in your VEINs to MURder for a MAP of alcaTRAZ (see 372)
Parkinson's disease drugs
BALSARC
Bromocriptine
Amantadine
L dopa(with carbidopa)
Selegiline
Antimuscarinics
Ropinerole
COMT inhibitors (ie. entacapone)
Barbiturate mechanism
barbiDURATE: increased DURATion of Cl channel openning, thus decreasing neuron firing
Benzodiazepine mechanism
FREnzodiazepines increase FREquency of CL channel opening
Short acting benzos...
Try My Ox
Tyiazolam
Midazolam
Oxazepam
Atypical antipsychotics
its not ATYPICAL for OLd CLOsets to RISPER
Olanzapine
Clozapine
Risperidone
Lithium side effects
LMNOP
Lithium side effects
Movement (tremor)
Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
hypOthyroidism
Pregnancy problems
Intravenous anesthetics
B.B. K.ing on OPIATES PROPOses FOOLishly
Barbiturates
Benzodiazepines
Ketamine
Opiates
Propofol
Local anesthetics - amides
2 I's in their name
ie. Lidocaine, bupivacaine
Toxicities of antipsychotics
SHENG MALT
Sedation
Hypotension
Extrapyramidal
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome
Gynecomastia
Muscarinic block
Antiemetic
Lower seizure threshold
Tardive dyskinesia
Actions of anticholinergics?
anti-SLUDG properties
Salivation
Lacrimation
Urination
Defecation
GI motility
Tumors that metastasize to brain
Lots of Bad Stuff Kills Glia
Lung Breast Skin Kidney GI
Tumors that metastasize to the liver
Cancer Sometimes Penetrates Benign Liver

Colon
Stomach
Pancreas
Breast
Lung
Tumors that metastasize to bone
P.T. Barnum Loves To Kid
Prostate
Thyroid
Breast
Lung
Testes
Kidney
Target cells (RBCs) are seen when...?
HALT
HbC disease
Asplenia
Liver disease
Thalassemia
Contraction of muscle fibers results in shrinkage of which bands?
HIZ
Rheumatoid arthritis is associated with...?
PAV PLAN
Pericardial effusion
Anemia of chronic disease
Vasculitis
Pulmonary involvement
Lymphadenopathy
Amyloidosis
Neurologic abnormalities
SLE manifestations
I'M DAMN SHARP
Immunoglobulins (anti-dsDNA, anti-Sm, antiphospholipid)
Malar rash
Discoid rash
Anti nuclear antibody
Mucositis (oropharyngeal ulcers)
Neurologic disorders
Serositis (pleuritis, pericarditis)
Hematologic disorders
Arthritis
Renal disorders
Photosensitivity
Sarcoidosis is characterized by..?
GRAIN
Gammaglobulinemia
Rheumatoid arthritis
ACE increase
Interstitial fibrosis
Noncaseating granulomas
Reiter's syndrome?
Can't see, can't pee, can't climb a tree
CREST
CREST
Calcinosis
raynaud's
Esophageal dysmotility
Sclerodactyly
Telangiectasia
Takayasu's arteritis
"FAN MY SKIN On Wednesday"
['pulseless disease']
Fever
Arthritis
Night sweats
MYalgia
SKIN nodules
Ocular disturbances
Weak pulses in upper extremities
Radial nerve innervates...
...the BEST!
Brachioradialis
Extensors of the wrist and fingers
Supinator
Triceps
Waveforms of awake/sleep
at night, BATS D.rink B.lood
Beta - (highest frequency, lowest amplitude)
Alpha - awake but eyes closed
Theta - stage 1
Sleep spindles, K complexes - stage 2
Dela - stage 3,4
Beta - REM
Bells palsy can be a complication of...?
AL STD
AIDS
Lyme
Sarcoidosis
Tumors
Diabetes
Causes of increased anion gap metabolic acidosis
MUD PILES
Methanol
Uremia
Diabetic ketoacidosis
Paraldehyde
Iron tablets/ INH
Lactic acidosis
Ethylene glycol
Salicylates
Acetazolamide toxicity?
ACIDazolamide causes ACIDosis
Furosemide toxicity?
OH DANG!
Ototoxicity
Hypokalemia
Dehydration
Allergy
Nephritis (interstitial)
Gout
Hytdrochlorothiazide toxicity?
hyperGLUC
hyper...
Glycemia
Lipidemia
Uricemia
Calcemia
[also sulfa allergy]
Captopril toxicity
CAPTOPRIL
Cough
Angioedema
Proteinuria
Taste changes
hypOtension
Pregnancy problems
Rash
Increased renin
Lower angiotensin II
Progesterone actions
Progesterone Prepares for Pregnancy
Relation of the pulm artery to the bronchus at each lung hilus
RALS - right anterior, left superior
structures perforate the diaphragm at which levels
I 8 10 EGGs AT 12
T8 - IVC
T10 - EsophaGus, vaGus
T12 - Aorta, azygous, thoracic duct
Right shift of O2 dissociation curve caused by...?
"CADET face right"
CO2
Acid/altitude
DPG
Exercise
Temperature
Complications of lung cancer..
SPHERE of complications
Superior VC syndrome
Pancoast's tumor
Horner's syndrome
Endocrine (paraneoplastic)
Recurrent laryngeal symptoms
Effusions
Lipoxegenase pathway yields...
Leukotrienes (L for both)