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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Andean Art
-environment affected the art and culture
-different agricultural zones
-duality, substitution, essence, transformation
-verticality
-animals like llaman and sea life
Chavin
-Northern Highlands, Early Horizon
-a cult that spread
-duality, shamanism transformations, substitution process
-use of shells:strombus and spondylus
Not true about Chavin Art?
Chavin state established hegemony by a military conquest, seen by the art of the political power of the elite.
spondylus
red-colored shell used in Andean area to make objects, traded from Ecuador
pututo
trumpet made with a conch shell
San Pedro Cactus
cactus with hallucinogenic properties, used by religious specialties
Horizon
time period marked by the domination of a single cult or polity over a large territory, by a homogenous culture
Intermediate Period
time period marked by a strong cultural diversity over the Andes
Paracas
-Early Horizon, South Coast
-iconogrpahic items on the textiles for mummy bundles
Nasca
-Early Intermediate, South Coast
-ceramic vessels
-trophy heads = sacrifice
-musical instruments
-geoglyphs
-desert fertility in art
Geoglyphs
-to be seen by the gods
-water irrigation systems
-walked on by ceremonies
-large symbol by pushing away rocks or aligning stones
puquios
filtration galleries, underground canals that tapped subsurface water to irrigate field
post-fire resign paint
brought more colors to nasca ceramics, painting after they were fired
linear style
in Paracas textiles, figures made of narrow lines
block style
in Paracas textiels, figues made of blocks of color
Moche
-Early Intermediate, North Coast
-1st state, immagery of battles and war
-molds in ceramics
-stone and metal ornaments
-stirrup-spout vessels
huaca
sacred place, an adobe monumental platform
quechua
native language spoken in Peruvian highlands at the time of the Spanish conquest
adobe
mud brick
tumi
crescent shaped ceremonial knife
chicha
beer made with maize
El-Nino
recurrent climatic phenomenon occuring in the Southern Pacific and causing torrential rainfall in the Peruvian coastal desert
Sacrifice Ceremony
major complex scene of Moche iconography
Tiwanku
-middle horizon, titicaca region
-sacred nature of ceremonial core in relation to landscape
-architecture is precise and smooth
-incense burners
kero
drinking cup
Staff God
individual represented frontally, holding one staff in each hand
Wari
-south and central highlands, middle horizon
-took over the tiwanku
-ceramics broken to show off that they didn't need them
-patterns with abstraction
-verticality
Chimu
-north coast, late intermediate
-sea-related symbolism
-iconography on adobe friezes
-ciudadelas
-kingdom came from the sea
-human sacrifice
-birds guano was used
Chimu Art
-sea-life, black ware vessels, featherwork, metal masks, wooden models, inlaid wooden and shell objects, monkey on spout of ceramics, high-status materials used
ciudadela
palace, large adobe enclosure with strict access
audiencia
u-shaped structure with interior niches, economic activities
totora
local reed used to build sea craft
algarrobo
hard wood used to carve sculpture
Inca
-Andes, late horizon
-mummies were still alive
-strength of stone incorporated with offerings
-road systems and runners
-landscape was used to work around into architecture
-imperial style: no mortar, perfect shapes
Cuzco
4 quarters met, center of the world
mother moon & the sun
silver and gold
sapa inca
king and absolute ruler
vertical archipelago
model of andean economics and settlement proposed
ceque system
shrines across landscape along symbolic lines
hanan
dual units characterizing inca socio-political organization
ayllus
basic groups of inca social organization, communities, lineages sharing a land
mamacuans
chosen women, to work directly for the empire weaving high status textiles and brewing chicha
capac hucha
ceremony involving sacrificing camelids, children, and objects along teh huacas of the ceque system
mit'a
labor task
tambo
inca state lodging on the road system
quipo
mnemonic device made up of a longitudinal cord to which a multi-colored series of knotted cords were tied
tocapu
small geometric figures repeated to create large patterns adorning high-status qompis
qompi
an Inca tunic
tupu
a shawl pin
ariballo
flared rim ceramic jar with constricted neck
puna
high elevation environmental zone characterized by rolling grasslands, zone for camelid herding
alpaca
a camelid closely related to teh llama, producing good quality of wool