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33 Cards in this Set

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Pax Romana
200 years of Roman peace.
civil war
War between groups within one country.
dictator
Someone who rules with absolute power.
census
A count of the people living in a county or place.
gladiator
Prisoners forced to fight in bloody contests of strength.
Julius Caesar
A patrician who became the military governor of Gaul where gained power. With that power, he took over Rome and became a dictator.
Cleopatra
The 21 year old ruler of Egyptian government based in Alexandria
aqueduct
Waterways built to bring streams of fresh water into a city.
Augustus
He defeated Rome’s most experienced generals and became Rome’s new dictator. He became the first Emperor of Rome.
Pompeii
An ancient city in southwestern Italy that was buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in A.D. 79.
Gaul
An ancient region and Roman province that included most of present-day France.
Colosseum
The largest and most famous stadium in Rome.
Pantheon
One of Rome’s many temples.
Christianity
New world religion based on the life and death of Jesus Christ. Jesus’ life is chronicled in the New Testament.
Messiah
A special leader to be sent by God in order to guide the Jewish people and to set up God’s rule on Earth. Christians believe Jesus Christ to be the messiah foretold by the Old Testament.
parable
Simple stories which contain a message of truth.
apostle 12 men chosen by Jesus to help him in his teaching.
bishop
A regional church leader.
pope
The leader of the Roman Catholic Church.
New Testament
A collection of books chronicling the life and teachings of Jesus and the spread of the early Christian church.
Jesus
The Christian messiah foretold by the old testament. He taught his followers ‘truth’ and the right way to live.
Peter
A fisherman turned apostle of Jesus. He later became the first bishop of Rome.
Paul
An unbeliever turned Christian church leader.
Judea
The land in the eastern Mediterranean region populated by Jews at the time of the Roman empire.
Bethlehem
A small town south of Jerusalem where Jesus is said to have been born.
Nazareth
A small town in northern Judea where, according to the New Testament, Jesus grew up
Eastern Orthodox Christianity
A branch of Christianity that developed in the Byzantine Empire and that did not recognize the pope as its supreme leader.
Architecture
The scientific planning and construction of buildings
Roman Catholicism
A branch of Christianity that developed in the western Roman empire and that recognized the Pope as its supreme head.
Diocletian
A powerful general and Roman Emperor who recognized that the empire was too big to be ruled by one man, so he divided it into two main parts.
Constantine
Roman emperor who reunited the empire under his rule. He focused on the Eastern half and moved the capital to the site of the ancient Greek colony Byzantium and re-named it Constantinople.
Palestine
Region in southwestern Asia that became the ancient home of the Jews; the ancient Roman name for Judea; in recent times, the British protectorate that became Israel in 1947.
Constantinople
A city established as the new western capital of the Roman empire by the emperor Constantine in A.D. 330, now called Istanbul.
Byzantine Empire
The eastern half of the Roman Empire. After the fall of the western Roman empire this empire became powerful and honored their Greek roots