Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/40

Click to flip

40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Republic
A state where those who govern are elected by the people of the state.
Assembly
A government body representing all citizens of the Roman Republic who, along with the Senate, could make the laws.
Senate
The government body, that along with the Assembly, saw to the working of the Republic and the making of laws.
Legionaries
The soldiers of a legion.
Tribune
An official elected to protect the interests of the plebeians.
Aqueducts
Open sone troughs built on arched bridge-like bases that sloped gradually and carried water from the hills to the towns.
Punic Wars
The three wars fought between Rome and Carthage over a one-hundred-year period for control of Rome.
Amphitheater
an oval or round architectual structure with an area in the center surounded by tiered seating.
Pompeii
A town destroyed by a volcao eruption and later the site of important archaeological excavations.
Cicero
A Roman orator durng the time of Julius Caesar, he established the standard for Latin that still exists today.
Virgil
Roman poest who lived during the Augustan Age.
Circus Maximus
A long stadium that staged chariot races
Pompey
The Roman general who was defeated in his battle against Julius Caesar for power of Rome.
Circus
Provided by Augustus, one of the "free shows" that was open to the poor to provide entertainment and quell thoughts of rioting.
Remus
The legendary son of Mars adn twin brother of Romlus.
Colossem
An amphitheater built in Rome from 75 to 80 A.D., it could hold 45,000 spectators.
Populares
Those Romans who believed that a strong leader would end the troubles of Rome.
Augustus Caesar
The first emperor of Rome, he built a strong government, helped the poor, furthered the development of Latin literature, and oversaw the construction of many buildings in Rome.
Princeps
"First citizen"; the name tht Augustus Caesar wished to be called, to give the impression that he was not a solitary dictator.
Constantinople
From the year 330 A.D., the center of the eastern portion of the Roman Empire governed by Constantine.
Tierius and Gaius Gracchus
Brothers who campaingned to end corruption in the Roman government and to help the poor.
Augustan Age
The golden age of Latin literature seen during the rule of Augustus Caesar
Romulus
Said to be the son of Mars and the twin brother of Remus, the legendary founder and first king of Rome.
Consul
An official, one of two, selected from the Senate by the assembly to head the Roman Republic for one year.
Etruria
An area of Italy north of Rome and Latium, home to the Etruscans.
Etruscan
Citizen of Etruia; referring to the mos advanced civilization in Italy of its time, it took over Rome from the Latins.
Forum
Originally a marketplace and eventually a center for religious, social, and political activities in ancient Rome.
Gladiator
A man trained to entertain the Roman people by engaging in mortal combat.
Hannibal
A Carthaginian general who attacked Rome in the Punic Wars.
Horace
Famous Roman poet who lived during the Augustan Age.
Julius Caesar
The famous Roman general who become dictator for life; he was murdered at a meeting of the Senate in 44 B.C.
Latins
The people who resided in Latium; the first settlers of Rome.
Latium
A region of Italy east of the Tiber River
Legion
A unit in the Roman army consisting of four to six thousand men.
Nero
A wicked and selfish leader who cameto the throne forty years after the death of Augustus; he despised and killed many Christians.
Octavian
Julius Caesar's dopted son and heir, who became the first Roman emperor and took the name Augustus Caesar.
Optimates
Those Romans who wanted the Semate to remain the governing body of Rome; they believed that the government should be weak to ensure the power of the citizens.
Pantheon
A temple "for all gods" built by Augustus Caesar.
Patrician
Member of a wealthy, noble Roman family
Plebeian
Any citizen not a patrician; a commoner.