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67 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Subcontinent
Large landmas that juts out from a continent
Plateau
raised area of level land
Monsoon
a seasonal wind
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
Two well planned main citites.
Veneration
special regard for
Aryan Civilization
Most of what we know about them comes from The Vedas, a collection of prayers
The Vedas
Shows Aryans as warriors who fought in chariots w/ bows and arrows
Aryan Society
Aryans dived people by occupation
Why is Harappa such a mysterious civilization?
B/c we can not decode their writing.
Three basic groups of Aryans
Brahmins
Kshatriyas
Vaisyas
Brahmin
Priest
Kshatriyas
warriors
Vaisyas
herders, farmers, artisans, and merchants.
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
Twin cities
Harappa's government system
Was very well organized and structured
Characteristics of Aryans
Nomadic Herders
Fight
Party people
Himalayan Mountains, Hindu Kush, and Indian Ocean
All provided physical barriers making invasion difficult
Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass
provided invasion routes into the Indian subcontinent.
What were the two most important rivers in the Indian subcontinent?
The Indus and Ganges Rivers
Sudras
servants and landless farmers
Golden Age of India
Known for its art and literature
Two major dynasties of India
Maurya and Gupta
Two Emperors of Mauyra Dynasty
Changdragupta
Asoka
Golden age
A period of great cultural achievement
Changdragupta
Established the Maurya dynasty
Asoka
Grandson of Changdragupta and converted to Buddhism
Who did Buddhism expand to Asia?
Asoka sent Buddhist missionaries to spread Buddhism throughout Asia
Mathematics Achievements of Gupta dynasty
1. "Arabic" numerals (1,2,3,4,etc.)
2. Concept of Zero
3. Developed the decimal system
Medical achievements of Gupta dynasty
1. Use of herbs
2. Setting bones
3. Vaccinations
4. Simple surgery
Kalidasa
most famous Indian poet and playwright
Textiles
indians were first to turn cotton into thread to be used in bright colors
Two religions that originiated in India?
Hinduism and Buddhism
Hinduism
Has no single founder
Sacred Texts of Hinduism
The Vedas and The Upanishads
Is Hinduism monotheistic or Polytheistic?
No one can agree
What do the SOLs say about Monotheistic or Polytheistic Hinduism?
"Belief in many forms of one major deity"
Brahman
The unchanging, all powerful spiritual force that inhabits all beings (hinduism)
Atman
the individual soul - a peice of brahman (hinduism)
Why is Harappa such a mysterious civilization?
B/c we can not decode their writing.
Three basic groups of Aryans
Brahmins
Kshatriyas
Vaisyas
Brahmin
Priest
Kshatriyas
warriors
Vaisyas
herders, farmers, artisans, and merchants.
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
Twin cities
Harappa's government system
Was very well organized and structured
Characteristics of Aryans
Nomadic Herders
Fight
Party people
Himalayan Mountains, Hindu Kush, and Indian Ocean
All provided physical barriers making invasion difficult
Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass
provided invasion routes into the Indian subcontinent.
What were the two most important rivers in the Indian subcontinent?
The Indus and Ganges Rivers
Sudras
servants and landless farmers
Golden Age of India
Known for its art and literature
Two major dynasties of India
Maurya and Gupta
Two Emperors of Mauyra Dynasty
Changdragupta
Asoka
Vishnu
The preserver (Hinduism)
Brahma
The creator (Hinduism)
Shiva
The destroyer (Hindu)
Lakshmi
Goddess of Wealth and Beauty (Hindu)
Sarasyati
Goddess of Art & Beauty (hindu)
Kali
Goddess of Death and Destruction (hindu)
Karma
All actions of a person's life that will influence the next reincarnation
Moksha
Get off the giant cosmic hamster wheel of birth, life, death, birth, life, death, etc.
Siddartha Gautama
founder of the Buddhist religion
Buddha
the Enlightened one
The Four Noble Truths
1. All life is suffering, pain and sorrow
2. Suffering is caused by desire for things that are illusions
3. to end suffering, end desire
4. To end desire, follow the Eightfold path
Eightfold Path
1. Right Views
2. Right aspirations
3. Right speech
4. Right conduct
5. right livelihood
6. right effort
7. right mindfulness
8. right contemplation
Nirvana
union with the universe and release from the cycle of rebirth (hindu)
Stupa
large dome-shaped shrines that housed the sacred remains of the Buddha or other holy people.