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34 Cards in this Set

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Greek thinker who argued that the human race had begun in the water and had evolved through several stages, of which fish were one.
Anaximander
Greek word for virue or courage
Arete
rule of the best
aristocracy
sophist who argued that law and morality were not established by godsbut by men as a matter of convenience
Callicles
heavily armed Greek infantrymen who fought n close formation, very successful for Greece
Hoplites
epic poem describing the destruction of Troy
The Iliad
epic poem describing the journey home of Odysseus, the clever Greek leader in the Trojan War
The Odyssey
rule of the few
oligarchy
temple to Athena on the Acropolis
Parthenon
leader of Athens famous for his speeches in praise of democratic government
Pericles
directed construction of the Parthenon
Phidias
greatest Greek philosophers
Plato
gave warmth and movement to classical forms, one hundred years after Phidias
Praxiteles
Greek philosopher: "Man is the measure of all things"
Protagoras
teacher of Plato
Socrates
greek word for wisdom
sophia
group of teachers and philosophers who were considered thinkers and clever debating tricks
sophists
Greek astronomer, mathematician and engineer
Thales
Athenian commander at naval battle of Salamis, gave credit to all Greeks not just Athenians
Themistocles
sophist who argued that justice is simply the best interest of the strongest
Thrasymachus
Greek historain and author of the Peloponnesian War, demanded careful examination of evidence
Thucydides
constitutional dictatorship
tyranny
Greek thinkier noticed fossils and had accurate understanding of what they were
Xenophanes
Greek historian who claimed that Greeks did not worship men like the Persians did
Xenophon
king of Macedonia in 336
Alexander the Great
Hellenistic philosophers who advocated severin all bonds and responsibilities as a way of avoiding the pain of the world
Cynics
advocated pursuit of pleasure, the calmness of spirit rather than sensual enjoyment
Epicureanisme
heavily armed infantrymen who fought in phalanx formation
Hoplites
Greek dialect, lingua franca
Koine
rulers or guiding spirits associated with heavenly bodies
kosmokratores
unconquered sun
Mithras
descendents of one of Alexander's generals, ruled Egypt
Ptolemies
ruled Middle East, Babylon was capital
Seleucids
ancient philosophy founded by Zeno, inner peace to be found by living in harmony with the cosmos
Stoicism