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24 Cards in this Set

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delta
A very fertile flat land made of silt left behind as a river drains into a larger body of water.
silt
A mixture of tiny bits of soil and rock.
Lower Egypt
The delta area of Egypt named for its location at the end of the Nile River.
Upper Egypt
The area of Egypt named for being "up river" on the Nile.
irrigation
The watering of land by means of canals and pipes.
unification
The joining of separate parts into one.
Menes
The King of Upper Egypt who conquered Lower Egypt and unified Egypt.
pharaoh
The name given to all rulers of Egypt.
Memphis
The capital city during the Old Kingdom.
economy
The way a country's people manage money and resources for the production of good and services.
hieroglyphics
A system of writing developed before Egypt's unification. They are made up of 800 picture-signs.
scribes
Writers who traveled throughout Egypt to keep records of details great and small.
papyrus
A reed plant used by Egyptians to make paper.
Khufu
The pharaoh who ordered the construction of the Great Pyramid.
Thebes
At the end of the Old Kingdom, this city became the new capital.
Nubia
Thriving kingdom south of Egypt.
Ahmose
Pharaoh who took Lower Egypt back from the Hyksos.
empire
A group of land and peoples ruled by one government.
Kush
A southern kingdom and important trading partner for the Egyptians during the Middle Kingdom.
Hatshepsut
Female pharaoh who greatly expanded trade. She also took a trade expedition south to Punt.
Punt
Egypt's neighbor to the south. Hatshepsut brought an expedition here to expand trade.
expedition
A group of people who go on a trip with a set reason.
social pyramid
A position in society based on what you did for a living. Pharaoh, Government officials, soldiers, scribes, merchants, artisans,farmers, and finally slaves at the bottom.
slavery
The practice of one person owning another person.