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62 Cards in this Set

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Greek name for "land between two rivers"
MESOPOTAMIA
Term for the arabe land between the Tigris & Euphrates rivers
FERTILE CRESCENT
Two rivers in modern-day Iraq in which one of the first civilizations was created
TIGRIS & EUPHRATES
Era known as the Old Stone Age; known for simple tools, hunting & gathering, and fire
PALEOLITHIC
Era known as the New Stone Age; resulted in development of agriculture and settlements
NEOLITHIC
Term for the study of a group's way of life
CULTURE
Scientists who uncover artifacts of the past
ARCHAEOLOGISTS
Scientists who study artifacts and explain humans' physical and cultural developments
ANTHROPOLOGISTS
One of the oldest remains of humans found in the Great Rift Valley by the Leakey family
LUCY
Highly mobile people who move from place to place
NOMAD
Type of farmin in which tress are cut and burned to create fertilized soil
SLASH AND BURN FARMING
Taming of animals
DOMESTICATION
Term for a complex culture with: advanced cities, specialized workers, complex institutions, record keeping, and advanced technology
CIVILIZATION
Trading one item for another item
BARTER
Writing system created in Sumer consisting of pictographs
CUNEIFORM
Term for professional record keepers; those that were trained to write
SCRIBES
Wedge-shaped instrument used to write
STYLUS
Term for a skilled worker
ARTISAN
Term for the development of skills in a specific kind of work besides farming
SPECIALIZATION
Stepped pyramid; means "mountain of god"; used for religious and political ceremonies
ZIGGURAT
A religion which believes in many gods
POLYTHEISTIC
Term for a political unit that includes a city and the surrounding territory
CITY-STATE
A series of rulers from a single family
DYNASTY
Term for the exchange of ideas and items from one culture to another
CULTURAL DIFFUSION
Term for the presence of many different cultures in one place
CULTURAL DIVERSITY
Babylonian law code based on the idea of "eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth"
HAMMURABI'S CODE
Term for written down
CODIFIED
Nickname for the fertile soil deposited by the Nile's predictable flooding
"GIFT OF THE NILE"
Term for rich silt
ALLUVIAL
Term for areas in the Nile which contain boulders which turn river into churning rapids
CATARACTS
Broad, triangular area formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of a river
DELTA
Type of government in which rule is based on religious authority
THEOCRACY
Process of embalming and drying a corpse
MUMMIFICATION
Term for Egyptian god-kings
PHARAOHS
Resting place for pharaohs
PYRAMIDS
Term for a god or goddess
DEITY
Egyptian pictographic writing
HIEROGLYPHICS
Reeds that grow next to the Nile and are used to make paper
PAPYRUS
Term for India since the Himalayas separate the land mass from the rest of Asia
SUBCONTINENT
Term for a seasonal wind
MONSOON
Section of India's northern mountains that allowed invaders
HINDU KUSH
Pass in the Hindu Kush mountains that allowed Aryan invaders to enter
KHYBER PASS
Plain formed by two major Indian rivers where most of the settlement and agriculture occurred
Indo-Gangetic Plain
Holy river of India
Ganges River
Two Indus cities that show evidence of Indus Valley civilization
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
Early invaders of India that established Hinduism in India
ARYANS
Yellowish silt found in Yellow River
LOESS
One of the capital cities of the Shang dynasty
ANYANG
Payment made to keep peace
TRIBUTE
Animal bones and tortoise shells on which priests scratched questions for the gods
ORACLE BONES
Belief that a ruler must rule wisely and justly in order to continue ruling
MANDATE OF HEAVEN
A political system in which nobles, or lords, are granted the use of lands that kegally belong to the king. In return nobles owe loyalty and military service to the king
FEUDALISM
Term for the patterns of the rise, decline, and replacement of dynasties
DYNASTIC CYCLE
The art of making silk
SERICULTURE
Term Chinese gave to anyone who was not Chinese
BARBARIAN
Term for government workers
BUREAUCRACY
Advisor to Egyptian pharaoh
VIZIER
Rule by a family
DYNASTY
Family/society dominated by men
PATRIARCHAL
Family/society deminated by women
MATRIARCHAL
Respect for parents/family/elders
FILIAL PIETY
Fortified center of a city
CITADEL