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46 Cards in this Set

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Olympics
Greek athletic competition
oracle
People who gave predictions and interpreted messages of the gods
Olympia
Where the Olympic games were played-Greeks believed that Zeus sat on a golden throne atop Mount Olympus
Eleusis
The site of a sanctuary to Demeter-the goddess of grain
tragedy
a sad story without a happy ending
comedies
funny plays
Delphi
A sanctuary to worship Apollo
sanctuaries
places where the Greeks worshipped their gods
Delos
A place the Greeks believed to be Apollo's birthplace
Coroebus
The very first recorded winner at the olympic games
Hera
Zeus's wife, the goddess of marriage
Apollo
One of Zeus's sons-the god of light, health, herding, and prophecy
Zeus
Most respected Greek god-he set standards for gods and humans to follow.
Ares
One of Zeus's sons, the god of war
Demeter
the Greek goddess of grain
Poseidon
Brother of Zeus, god of the sea
Dionysus
One of Zeus's sons-the god of wine
Sophicles
A play writer who wrote a Greek play called Antigone
Marathon
The place where the Persians and the Athenians fought.
ephors
Five government leaders elected by the assembly.
helots
state slaves assigned to a particular plot of land
Phidippides
(according to legend) The man who gave messages from both Athens and Sparta and died from running so long and fast
Dorians
The people who took over Sparta
Thermopylae
a mountain pass on the Greek mainland where the Persians and Greeks fought
Salamis
The place where a major battle between the Persians and the Greeks fought-- the Greeks won.
Plataea
A place where the Persians and the Greeks fought, and the Greeks won
Darius
A ruler of the Persians who wanted to punish the Athenians for rebelling
Xerxes
Darius' son who fought many times with the Greeks
Acropolis
A flat-topped, fortified hill in Athens
Parthenon
A temple dedicated to Athena
agora
An Athenian marketplace
metics
People in Athens who came from a different country and couldn't become a citizen
Pericles
An Athenian who helped rebuild Athens after it had been burned by the Persians
Plutarch
A Greek historian who wrote that Pericles voice was like thunder
Nike
The goddess of Victory
Pasion
An Athenian slave who became a citizen because he skillful--he was also rich
Demosthenes
A famous Greek speaker who wrote that a person would not be able to tell the differences between the homes of the rich and the homes of the poor
alliance
agreement
Delian league
Athens's alliance with other city-states
Aegospotami
A port where the Athenians sailed their fleet.
philosopher
a person who searches for the truth and meaning of life
hemlock
the juice from a poisonous plant that Socrates died from
Thucydides
A greek historian who wrote about the plague spreading in Athens
Xenophon
A greek historian who wrote about the Peloponnesian war
Socrates
A Greek philosopher
Plato
A student of Socrates