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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Where did the Vikings come from?
came from Scandinavia. (Norway, Sweden, and Denmark)
Population icreases forced them to do what?
find land elsewhere and to find a new way of making a living.
What did they start to do for a living?
they started raiding, trading, and settling in other places.
They raided and traded from...?
Ireland to Russia, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Atlantic, as far as Constantinople.
They were called the...?
Northmen or the Norsemen
They were also _______, who had no real concept of ______&______, incouraged on of the greatest virtues.
pagans, good & evil
True or False.
Women had many rights?
True
What was their type of writing in?
runes
True or False?
They raided very slowly.b
False
What was a Viking longboat? How many people could it hold? What could it do?
It was a technological marvel
It could hold up to 300 warriors.
It was 72 cars long, narrow, upset prow cut through the waves, flat bottom aloud it to get into shallow waters.
What year did the Vikings settle in Iceland?
900
Who was exciled from Iceland. Then sailed to Greenland and settled there?
Eric the Red
The Greenland settlement was given up when ...?
the climate got colder
Who sailed to Newfoudland and settled in a place called _______? This settlement was also given up probably because?
Leif Ericson
Vinland
The Navtive Americans were to fierce
By about ____ the Viking threat was over.
1000
1. Europeans learned to do what?
2. They converted to what religion?
3. What happened to the climate?
1. defend themselves
2. Christianity
3. it was unusually warm
Loyalties were ______ & ______.
Personal & local
System of political and miliary relationships were based on what?
ownership of land
The piece of the land that the Knights of the Vessels got was called?
fief
Ceremony in which a fief was given was called?
investiture
Society was divided into 3 parts. Name them and what they did.
1. Those who fought (knights and nobles)
2. Those who prayed (clergy)
3. Those who worked (peasants and serfs)
The smallest economic and social unit was called the?
Manor
True or false? Manors were self-sufficient.
True
Name the nine places you typically found a manor.
1. Manor house for lord of the manor
2. watchtower for defense manor house.
3. Church or house for priest
4. huts for peasants and serfs
5. mill to grind grain
6. oven
7. Smithy
8. pound or stream
9. fields: 1/3 crop, 1/3 forest, 1/3 pasture
What major crops were grown?
wheat, rye, barley, and oats
True or false?
They had vegetable patches and fruit orchards.
True
Name the type of farm animals they had?
cows, pigs, sheep, goats, chickens, ducks, geese.
True or False?
Serfs were free to leave the land and they did not have to work many days for the lord of the manor.
Fasle: Serfs were not free to leave the land and had to work many days for the lord of the manor.
True or false?
Peasants were free, might own some land, and worked fewer days for the lord of the manor.
True
Name things that both the peasants and serfs had.
Both had to give some of their crops and animals to the lord of the manor.
Had to pay to use the mill, the oven, and to get married (taxes)
Gave tithes to the church
Huts were Spartan, dirt floors, made from wood, one bed for everyone, animals in the hut for added warmth vermin invested.