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28 Cards in this Set

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A river that flows from the Tibetan plateau, across northern China,and into the Yellow Sea
Huang River
A large lowland region of eastern China that is watered by the Huang River; birthplace of Chinese civilization
North China Plain
A dusty, yellow soil that has been deposited in this region by the wind.
loess
A wall that keeps a river within its banks.
levee
The wearing away of soil by wind and water.
erosion
A time when very little food is available and people starve.
famine
A dry treeless plain. A temperate grassland similar to the prairie.
steppe
A line of rulers who belong to the same family.
dynasty
Relatives of the kings. A member of a ruling family or one of high rank.
nobles
"dragon bones" from cattle or sheep used by priest to tell the future.
"oracle bones"
A Chinese king's wife who led troops to war. Her tomb contained records of her life and times.
Fu Hao
Shang Dynasty capital city towards the end of the dynasty.
Anyang
A supreme ruler of an empire.
emperor
Political divisons of land.
province
Chinese emperor who founded the Qin Dynasty unified China with a standardized system of writing and money; his tomb contained the famous "clay army."
Shihuangdi
An ancient province in northern China that rose to power under Emperor Shihungdi in 221 B.C.
Qin
A mountain range in north-central China.
Qinling Mountains
Capital city of the Qin dynasty during the rule of Emperor Shihuangdi.
Xianyang
A long defensive wall extending 1500 miles through northern China; built between 1300 and 1600.
Great Wall of China
A brief statement of main ideas contained in a piece of writing or group of ideas.
summary
Sentences that contain main ideas.
topic sentence
Confucius's ideas.
Confucianism
A right to rule from the gods.
Mandate of Heaven
The empire's best school. The brightest students were sent here.
Grand School
A machine used to detect earthquakes.
seismograph
Farmer turned general who overthrew the Qin dynasty. His family began he Han dynasty.
Han Gaozu
A chinese philosopher who stressed the need to respect tradition; his teachings discussed the right and wrong uses of power.
Confucius
Han emperor who set up a system of schools that prepared students for government.
Wudi