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24 Cards in this Set

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Oasis
Parts of the desert that are watered by underground springs.
Petra
The Ancient Arabia capital of Nabataea, in what is today Jordan
Yemen
A present day country in the mountainous southwestern area of Arabia.
Red Sea
A narrow sea between Arabia and northwestern Africa.
Arabian Sea
A body of water that lies between Arabia and India.
Persian Gulf
A body of water east of the Arabian peninsula that separates Arabia from Iran.
Arabia
A huge peninsula in southwestern Asia.
caravan
A group of people and animals traveling together.
Islam
A new religion which began in Arabia. The word means ‘submit to the will of God.'
Medina
Arabian oasis town where Muhammad migrated to in A.D. 622.
Mecca
An Arabian oasis city believed to be the birthplace of Muhammad.
Khadija
A wealthy widow and merchant that Muhammad married.
Muhammad
Founder of Islam whose words are recorded in the Quran.
pilgrimage
A journey for religious purposes.
Five Pillars
The five basic duties of all Muslims.
hijra
The migration of Muhammad from Mecca to Median in A.D. 622, marking the founding of Islam.
Kaaba
A religious temple in Mecca that became sacred to Muslims.
Quran
The most important book of Islam
caliph
Someone chosen to govern the land and religion of Islam. The word means ‘successor to the prophet.’
Baghdad
Capital and cultural center for the Muslim caliphate from A.D. 762- 1100.
Avicenna
A doctor who described how some diseases spread through the air.
astrolabe
An instrument used to figure out the position of the stars.
algebra
A type of mathematics.
Mosque
A place of worship where Muslims go for daily prayers.