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32 Cards in this Set

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LITERAL and FUNCTIONAL definition of anatomy
Literal: to cut up

Functional: The science of the structure of the human body
ANA
UP
TOMOS
TO CUT
NEURO
NERVE
Sarco (and myo)
MUSCLE
Chondro
cartilage
Hema/hemo/hemat
blood
Glu/gly
sugar
Lipo
fat
Cyto
cell
Osteo
bone
lemma
membrane
algia
pain
blast
primitive cell
lysis
split/break
genesis
build, create
oma
tumor, mass
malacia
softening
cyte
cell
Naked eye can discriminate to about
10-4 m
Angstrom (Å) =
10^-10 m
Nanometer (nm) =
10^-9 m
Micrometer =
10^-6 m
Millimeter (mm) =
10^-3 m
Hierarchy of Organization
Chemical
Cellular
Tissue
Organ
Organ system
Organism
Anatomical position
1)Standing with feet together
2)Eyes forward
3) Palms facing ANTERIORLY
4) Thumbs pointed away from body
5) Right and left refer to sides belonging to person/cadaver being viewed
Superior
towards the head
Inferior (caudal)
toward the feet
anterior (ventral)
Toward the front of body, in front of
Posterior (dorsal)
toward the back, behind
Medial
toward the midline or middle of the body

ex. the heart is medial to the arm
Lateral
Away from the midline, towards to outside

Ex. the arms are lateral to the chest