Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/55

Click to flip

55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the study of the structure of an organism?
Anatomy
What is the study of the function of a living organism and its part?
Physiology
Relates to the individual parts of the body functional systems
descriptive anatomy
Relates to the changes in structures as they relate to disease
Pathological anatomy
Refers to the visibility of structures under study
Gross/Microscopic anatomy
Studies of the growth and development of organism
Developmental anatomy
Cytology
study of cells
histology
study of tissues
muslce form and function
myology
bone form and function
osteology
Nervous System
Neurology
Away from the backbone or towards the front of the body
Ventral
Toward the backbone or away from the front of the body
dorsal
Toward the head
Rostal
Away from the centerq
peripheral
Away from the surface
deep
toward the outer surface
external
toward the inner surface
internal
Away from the body or the root of the free extermity
distal
Towards the midline or axis
medial
upper
superior
lower
inferior
Toward the body or toward the root of free proximty
proximal
Away from the midline or axis
lateral
being on the belly
prone
being on the back
supine
Divides the body into right and left halves
sagital plane
Divides body into front and back
coronal plane
divides body into upper and lower halves
transverse plane
Refers to bending at the joint towards the ventral surface
flexion
The act of pulling two ends further apart
extension
arching, as in arching the back
hyperextension/dorsiflexion
Lines the surface of our body and the cavities
epitheilum tissue
Combines or holds structures together
connective tissue
capable of contraction when stimulated
muscular tissue
Specialized to transmit information
neural tissue
Epithelium Shape
columnar
squamos
Cubodial
Number of cell layers
simple
stratified
Adipose tissue
fat tissue
Has important properties of strength and elasticity
cartliage
smooth and glassy and blueish appearance
hyaline cartliage
Contains collagenous fibers
fibro-cartliage
Three types of muscle tissue
Striated
smooth
cardiac
Dense, fibrous connective tissue responsible for organizing muscle fibers into functional groups
fascia
Join bone to bone , bone to cartliage, cartliage to cartliage
ligaments
Tough, non elastic cords. Attaches muscle to bone
tendons
joints highly mobile
diathrodial (synovial)
joints permit limited mobility
amphiarthrodial (cartliagninous)
joints immobile
synarthrodial (fibrous)
Point of attachment with the least movement
Origin
Point of attachment of relative movement
Course
muscles that move a structure
agonists
muscles that oppose movement
antagonists
muscles that stabalize structures
synergists
What consits of one efferent nerve fiber and the nerve fiber it innervates?
Motor Unit