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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the two types of bones?
Spongy (Pourous)
Compact (Not Pourous)
What is the membrane within the bone?
Endosteum
What is the living membrane around the bone?
Periosteum
What is the Proximal Epiphysis?
Point closest to the attachment
What is the Distal Epiphysis?
Point farthest from point attachment
What is the diaphysis?
The shaft of the bone that is made of compact
What does the medullary caivty contain?
Yellow Marrow
Acetabul
Vinegarcup
Ax
Axis
Blast
budding
Clast
Break
Condyl
Knob
Corac
Beak-Like
Cribr
Sleve-Like
Crist
Crest
Fov
Pit (Indent in bone)
Inter
Among or Between
Intra
Inside
Meat
Passage
Odont
Tooth
Poie
To Make
Fibrous Joints
Immovable
Cartilagenous Joints
Cartilage between bones, slightly movable
Suture Joints
Joints sewn together by fibroblasts (squiggly line)
Condyloid Joints
Allows for rotation
(e.g. fingers)
Hinge Joints
(e.g. elbows, like a hinge)
permits motion in one plane, back and forward
Gliding Joints
Allows for sideway movements (e.g. wrists ankles)
Ball and Socket
(e.g. Shoulder, Hip) enables bone to move in 360 degrees
Pivot Joint
(e.g. elbow) allows for rotation
Saddle Joint
(e.g. thumb) rotation
Hairline Fractue
a minor fracture where bone fragments remain aligned..
Greenstick Fracture
snap at the middle and a crack down the bone
Spiral Fracture
bone is twisted apart
Closed/ Simple Fractue
ends stay together
Healing Process
1. bleeding which causes swelling
2. hematoma (ooze, blood clot)
3. osteoblasts released from membrane, go into ozze and reproduce cells to make callus
4.osteoclasts, macrophages eat up excess callus
Yellow Marrow
Stores fat and WBCs
Red Marrow
tissue of spongy bone where RBCs are produced
Osteoclasts
cells which break down bone tissue
Osteoblasts
cells which build up new bone
Intramembraneous bone
bone which began as layers of cartilaginous membranes from the inside-out
Endochondral Bone
bone which started as cartilage within a fibrous structure and ossified over time
Callus
hard bony growth in healing process
Fontanel (anterior and posterior)
soft spots on babys head
Where are fibrous joints found?
joints of cranial bones
Where are cartilagenous joints found?
between vertabae and pubic symphisis
What do synovial joints lubricate?
secrete synovial fluid to lubricate joints
Arthroscopy
thin tubular instrument which allows for surgey on television
Osteoarthritis
wear and tear of joints
rheumatiod arthritis
disorder of joints where immune system attacks itself