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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
what are the functions of the skeleton?
support, protection, lever for movement, mineral storage, site of blood cell production, storage of energy
what are the six types of bones?
long bone, short bone, flat bone, iiregular bone, sutral bone/wormian bone, sesamoid bone
long bone
consists of a long cylindrical shaft and ends
short bone
cube shaped and are nearly equal in length and width
flat bone
generally thin and composed of two more or less plates
irreguar bone
have complex shapes and cannot be grouped into the previous groups, shuch as the vertebrae
sutural bone
small bone between joints of certain crainial bones
sesamoid bone
small bones in tendons where considerable pressure developes. such as knee caps
epipysis
the extremities of the bone. can only be where a physis is.
diapysis
the shaft or long, main, cylindrical portion of the bone
metaphysis
in mature bone the region where the diaphysis joins the physis
physis
growth plate of a long bone
process
a prominent or projecting structure
condyle
a large rounded articular process. a smooth knuckle like surface at the point of a joint
epicondyle
process upon a condyle, rough surface for muscle to grip
crest
a prominant border/ridge, edge of hipbone
trochlea
pully or spool like process
line
stright, long projection
facet
a smooth flat surface. facet like on a diamond
sinus
an air filled cavity within a bone connected to the nasal cavity
spine
sharp, slender projection. on the vertebrae
trochanter
a large blunt projection found only on the femur
tuberosity
a large rounded, usually roughened process
tubercle
knobb like, small rough process
foramen
an opening through which blood vessels, nerves, and/or ligaments
fossa
a depression in or on a bone. basin like pit
groove
long narrow indentation
meatus
a tube like passage way within a bone. the ear cana
head
a large, smooth, rounded articular projection, supported on the neck of the bone.
neck
the are connected to the head