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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
circulatory system
heart, blood, lymph nodes, spleen, thymus
digestive system
mouth, stomach, intestines, teeth, tongue, liver, pancreas, rectum
endocrine system
pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, ovaries, testes
integumentary system
skin, hair, nails, sweat glands
muscular system
muscles
nervous system
brain, spinal cord, nerves
reproductive system
testes, scrotum, vas deferens, prostate, ovaries, uterus, vagina, mammory glands
respiratory system
lungs, bronchii, trachea, nose
skeletal system
bones, joints
urinary/excretory system
kidneys, bladder, urethra, ureters
anterior
in front of
posterior
after, behind, following, toward the rear
distal
away from the origin
proximal
near, closer to the origin
dorsal
near upper surface, toward the back
ventral
toward the bottom, toward the belly
inferior
below, under
superior
above, over
caudal
toward the back, tail
medial
toward midline, away from side
lateral
toward the side, away from midline
rostral
toward the front
coronal plane
up and down, frontal plane
sagittal plane
2 symmetrical sides, lateral plane
axial plane
cut at the waist, transverse plane
function of membranes
minimize friction, cover organs and cavities
heart
parietal pericardium, visceral pericardium, pericardium cavity, heart
lungs
parietal pleural, visceral pleural, pleural cavity, lung
abdominal/pelvic
parietal peritoneum, visceral peritoneum, peritoneum cavity, individual organ
kidneys
no membranes, capsulated organs